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Agriculture and forestry

space SCIENTIFIC JOURNALS OF VINNITSA NATIONAL AGRARIAN UNIVERSITY

Issue №: 2 (21)

Published: 2021.06.01
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2021-2


Description:
Випуск журнала присвячено вивченню оптимізації технологічних прийомів вирощування сільськогосподарських культур. Розглянуто важливість впливу бобових культур на покращення родючості грунту, екології та охорони навколишнього середовища, методам боротьби із шкодочинними об'єктами, озеленення територій, селекції та насінництва.

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EFFICIENCY OF USING RARE OIL FOR BIOLOGIZATION OF FERTILIZATION SYSTEMS OF CERTAIN AGRICULTURAL CULTURES OF ESPC UKRAINIAN SCIENTIFIC-EDUCATIONAL CONSORTIUM

DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2021-2-1
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Mazur Viktor Anatoliiovych – Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Associate  Professor of the Plant Growing, Selection and Bioenergetic Cultures Department, Rector of the Vinnytsia National Agrarian University, Vice-President of ESPC Ukrainian Scientific-Educational Consortium (21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna St.3, е-mail: rector@vsau.org ).

Branitskyi Yurii Yuriyovych – Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Director of the Uladovo-Lyulinetsky Experimental Breeding Station of the Institute of Bioenergetic Cultures and Sugar Beet NAAS (Vinnytia region, Kalynivka, district, Uladivske, Samolevska Str., 15).

Tsytsiura Yaroslav Grigoryevich – Candidate of Agricultural Sciences (PhD), Associate Professor of the Department of Soil Management, Soil Science and Agrochemistry, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University. Address: 21008, Vinnytsia town, Soniachna st., build 5/42, e-mail: yaroslavtsytsyura@ukr.net).

 

Annotation

The article presents the results of studying the effectiveness of options for biologizing the fertilization system and related factors of the impact of options for using post-harvest green manure in the technology of growing grain corn on gray forest and chernozem soils. The effectiveness of the use of cruciferous green manure crops, such as white mustard, oil radish and spring rape, has been investigated. Evaluation of the effectiveness of green manure was carried out both by the species factor and by the method of sowing green manure plants, in particular, the usual row and wide-row methods. The features of the influence of late autumn post-harvest green manure on the formation of agrophysical soil properties, such as the duty cycle in its categories and soil density, taking into account the optimization of the air properties of the soil and the restoration of its structure in the technologies of adaptive cultivation of agricultural crops, have been studied. The role of green manure crops in providing herbicide-free control of the level of weed infestation was assessed both from the standpoint of controlling the number of various types of weeds and from the standpoint of regulating their development and prevalence. The formation of segetal vegetation in crops of corn for grain was investigated in the format of determining the effectiveness of the aftereffect of green manure on the formation of the level of weediness in the late phenological phases of growth and development of corn.  The features of the formation of leafy mass of green manure were investigated, taking into account the temperature and moisture regime.Based on this, an assessment was made of the adaptability of various types of green manure crops depending on the limiting factors of moisture and low temperatures in the variant of summer-autumn use. Conclusions are made about the expediency of using this criterion of the studied cruciferous crops. The influence of green manure crops on the formation of corn yield for grain is shown, taking into account different types of soils and their fertility potential, as well as taking into account the method of sowing green manure. Increases in corn yield were determined in comparison with unfertilized control and their level was assessed in relation to a possible effective alternative replacement of existing options for fertilizing corn with grain. Conclusions are made about the most productive green manure option based on cruciferous species, and prospects for further research and problematic aspects of the use of cruciferous green manure plants are outlined. 

Keywords: green manure, oilseed radish, white mustard, spring rape, yield, agrophysical soil properties, weediness.

List of references

1.Ivanina V.V. (2016). Biolohizatsiia udobrennia kultur u sivozminakh [Biologization of crop fertilizers in crop rotations] : [monohrafiia]. Kyiv : Komprynt. 327 c. [in Ukrainian].

2.Skivka L.M., Hudz S.O., Tsvei Ya.P., Prysiazhniuk O.I. (2019). Biolohichna efektyvnist vyroshchuvannia kultur ahrotsenozu [Biological efficiency of agrocenosis cultivation]. Novitni ahrotekhnolohii – The latest agricultural technologies. № 7. URL: http://jna.bio.gov.ua/article/view/204823 [in Ukrainian].

3.Bereziuk S.V., Zubar I.V. (2019). Suchasni ekonomiko-ekolohichni aspekty zastosuvannia dobryv u roslynnytstvi [Modern economic and ecological aspects of fertilizer application in crop production]. Ekonomika APK – Economics of agro-industrial complex. № 10.  34-43. [in Ukrainian].

4.Iakist gruntiv ta suchasni stratehii udobrennia [Soil quality and modern fertilization strategies] (2004). / Za red. prof. Dzh. Hofmana, akad.. M.M. Horodnoho. K.: Aristei.  [in Ukrainian].

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6.Biolohizatsiia zemlerobstva v Ukraini: realii ta perspektyvy [Biologization of agriculture in Ukraine: realities and prospects] (2016). Za red. V.V. Ivanyshyna ta I.A. Shuvara. Ivano-Frankivsk: Symfoniia forte.  [in Ukrainian].

7.Kysil V.I. (2000). Biolohichne zemlerobstvo v Ukraini: problemy i perspektyvy [Organic farming in Ukraine: problems and prospects]. Kharkiv: Shtrykh. [in Ukrainian].

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9.Shuvar U. A., Roik M. V., Ivanyshyn V. D. ta in. (2016). Syderatsiia v tekhnolohiiakh suchasnoho zemlerobstva [Greening in the technologies of modern agriculture]  za zah.Redaktsiieiu U. A. Shuvara, M. V. Roika.– Iv.-Frankivsk: Symfoniia forte. 180 s. [in Ukrainian].

10.Tsytsiura Ya.H, Tsytsiura T.V. (2015). Redka oliina. Stratehiia vykorystannia ta vyroshchuvannia. Monohrafiia. [Oilseed radish. Strategy of use and cultivation. Monograph]. Vinnytsia: TOV “Nilan LTD”.  [in Ukrainian].

11.Antonets S.S., Antonets A.S., Pysarenko V.M. [ta in.]. Syderalni kultury (2011). Praktychni rekomendatsii [Sidereal crops. Practical recommendations].  Poltava: RVV PDAA. [in Ukrainian].

12.Vadyunina A.F., Korchagina 3. A.  (1986). Metodyi issledovaniya fizicheskih svoystv pochv [Methods for studying the physical properties of soils]. 3-e izd., pererab. M.: Agropromizdat. [in Russian].

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About journal

Topics of the journal:

Topics of the Journal:

Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop production, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.

Articles on such scientific problems are accepted for printing:

Plant production, current state and prospects for development.

Agrochemistry and modern aspects of fertilizers and biologically active substances application.

Feed production, current state and prospects for development.

Selection, seed production, seed science and varieties.

Protection of plants.

Soil managment and soil quality improvement.

Forestry and gardening.

Vegetables and mushrooms, current status and development trends.

Ecology and environmental protection.

Theory and history of agricultural sciences and forestry.

Modern directions of development of arable land and forestry.

Innovative and investment activities in agriculture and forestry.

Directions and efficiency of crop production

Bioenergy resources of crop production and forestry.

Production of renewable energy from biological resources.

Organic farming, the main area of development and production of organic products.

Agriculture and modern crop rotation and soil cultivation.

Horticulture and viticulture.

Processing and storage of crop products.

Beekeeping, current status and development trends.

Contemporary biological research in crop production and forestry.

Progressive technologies of the agricultural complex.

Psychological and pedagogical problems of agrarian education.

The young scientist opinion.

 

Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.
In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.
 
Certificate of mass media state registration No. 21363-11163 Р of June 09, 2015
1. Founder (co-founder): Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
2. Type of publication: journal.
3. Publication status: domestic.
4. Title(s) of publication: Agriculture and Forestry.
5. Language(s) of the publication: Ukrainian, Russian, and English.
6. Spread: nationwide.
7. Categories of readers: students, postgraduates, scientists, employees of agroindustrial complex, state bodies of management.
8. Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop cultivation, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.
9. Estimated periodicity of issue, volume (in conventional printed sheets) and format of publication: twice a half year, 7.5-15 conventional printed sheets, format: A4.
10. Legal address of the founder: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3; telephones: (0432) 56-03-13; 35-70-84, fax: (0432) 43-80-25; e-mail:
11. Location of the editorial office: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3.
12. Type of publication by purpose: agriculture and forestry, scientific production.
History of journal:

Journal History:

Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.

In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.

It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.

Listed in the updated list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on agricultural sciences under the name Agriculture and Forestry (Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine of May 16, 2016; No. 515).

Since 2015, "Agriculture and Forestry".  (archive of previous issues for 2015-2019) at http://forestry.vsau.edu.ua/.

The journal “Agriculture and Forestry (ISSN: 2707-5826)” passed the evaluation process of Index Copernicus positively and is indexed in the database of ICI Journals Master List for 2018, 2019 (international citation database).  Based on the information provided in the evaluation and analysis of journal issues for 2018 and 2019, Copernicus Experts experts calculated the value of the Copernicus Index (ICV) for 2018.  ICV for 2018 and 2019 is presented in the full list of indexed journals in the Master List International List 2018 https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml and in the journal passport https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/ details?

Master List International List 2019 https: id = 65401;  https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml

According to the order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine dated 17.03.2020 № 409. The journal Agriculture and Forestry is included in the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine Category "B" in agricultural sciences (specialties) - 101, 201, 202, 203, 205, 206.

According to the order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine from 17.03.2020 № 409. Journal of Agriculture and Forestry is included in the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine Category "B" in agricultural sciences (specialties) - 101, 201, 202, 203, 205, 206.