logo

Agriculture and forestry

space SCIENTIFIC JOURNALS OF VINNITSA NATIONAL AGRARIAN UNIVERSITY

Issue №: 3 (22)

Published: 2021.10.01
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2021-3


Description:
Випуск журнала присвячено удосконаленню технологічних прийомів вирощування сільськогосподарських культур. Особливу роль відведено впливу зернобобових культур на підвищення родючості грунту, селекції бобових, екології та охорони навколишнього середовища, методам боротьби із шкодочинними об'єктами та інтродукції декоративних рослин.

Read about journal

EFFECT OF SOIL TREATMENT ON CESIUM-137 ACCUMULATION IN FLOWER POLLEN AND IN ITS PROCESSING PRODUCTS BY HONEY BEES

DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2021-3-13
PDF Повернутись

Razanov Sergey – Doctor of Agricultural Sciences, Professor of the Department of Ecology and Environmental Protection, Faculty of Agronomy and Forestry, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, Sonyachna str. 3; e-mail: razanov@vsau.vin.ua).

Ogorodnichuk Galina – Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Livestock Product Manufacturing Techniques, Vinnitsa National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnitsa, Sonyachna St., 3; e-mail: ogm@vsau.vin.ua).

Komynar Мykola – Postgraduate student of the Institute of Agroecology and Nature Management of the NAAS (03143 , Kiev, Metrologicheskaya str., 12; e-mail: nik190778@ukr.net).

Annotation

Over the past few decades, the level of radiation has significantly increased due to artificial sources – radionuclides. In particular, the Chernobyl accident led to the release of about 50 million Кі of various types of radionuclides into the environment. As a result of the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant in Ukraine, a large number of territories of the Zhytomyr region are polluted – 50%, Kiev – 26%. About 26% of the contaminated area falls on the Chernigov, Rivne, Sumy and Volyn regions. The radioactive substances that were part of the nuclear fuel were concentrated in the environment, from where they partially migrate along the soil-plant-living organisms chain, causing a number of negative changes in them. Immediately after the Chernobyl accident, iodine-131 posed a great danger to living organisms; its radioactivity in the contaminated area was 7.3 MКi. Iodine-131 is a beta and gamma emitter with a half-life of 8.04 days. This element is characterized by high activity in the soil-plant-production-organism system. It enters the body by the oral route and accumulates mainly in the thyroid gland. At the same time, cesium-134, cesium-137 and strontium-90 are also dangerous for living organisms, the share of which is about 3% of the total radioactivity. All other radionuclides that were released into the environment during the Chernobyl accident are less dangerous due to the low rate of entry into living organisms. Cesium-137 has a half-life of 30.2 years and is absorbed into the body in three ways: percutaneous, aerial and oral. The largest proportion of cesium-137 is ingested orally. It is a chemical analogue of potassium and is actively involved in the metabolic process. Therefore, it can accumulate in high amounts in body tissues. About 10% of cesium-137 is excreted from the body with indigestible food residues, and the vast majority - with urine. Cesium-137, penetrating into the body, is concentrated mainly in muscle tissue, and comparatively less in bone tissue. It is excreted from bone tissue much more slowly than from muscle tissue. Now in the environment there is still about 50% of cesium-137, which got into the environment as a result of the Chernobyl accident. Radionuclides in the soil are in a moving state, therefore they move to certain layers of it. The speed of such movement of radionuclides in the soil depends on its properties, the content of mineral and organic substances. In particular, it was revealed that the migration of cesium-137 on mineral sod-podzolic soils is ten times lower than on peat and peat-bog soils. This is typical of the soil of the ecological zone of Polesie. The composition of the soils of this zone includes no more than 1.0% of clay, 0.8-1.2% of humus, 3-5% of the silty fraction, causing a high migration of radionuclides. Cesium-137 in these soils is in the sod in a fast-moving form and rather intensively migrates into the vegetation. It has been proven that the mineral part and humus firmly fix cesium-137. The accident resulted in about 1,500,000 pollution in Ukraine. Hectares of forests, most of which have lost their practical value and are withdrawn from use. It has been established that the main amount of radionuclides is concentrated in the upper five-centimeter soil layer and in the forest litter, which is characteristic of pine forests. In pine forest stands, 30-60% strontium-90 and 40-80% cesium-137 are concentrated in the litter, and about a third of radionuclides are concentrated in deciduous forests. Most radionuclides enter plants by the root route. Some authors report that sometimes plants accumulate significantly more radionuclides, even with a lower content of them in the soil. This trend is observed in the Polesie of Ukraine. Over the past 15 years, the strontium-90 content in plant products has not changed significantly. Researchers have studied the peculiarities of the accumulation of radioactive substances by melliferous plants, which can actively accumulate cesium-137. Plants of the family Rosaceae, buckwheat, buttercups are classified as active accumulators of radiocesium. A high content of strontium-90 is characterized by silver cinquefoil, caustic buttercup, and such honey plants as red and white clover, alfalfa, horned lily, sainfoin and mouse peas, common heather, blueberries intensively accumulate both cesium-137 and strontium-90. The intensity of accumulation of cesium-137 in bee pollen, perge and homogenate of drone larvae produced by bees from pollen of winter rape, sunflower and buckwheat in different ways was studied.

Keywords: tillage, cesium-137, pollen, bee bread, homogenate of drone larvae, accumulation coefficient, hazard coefficient.

List of references

1. Aleksenytser R.M., Bondarchuk L.Y., Kubaichuk V.P. (1996). Produktі pchelovodstva kak byoyndykatorі radyoaktyvnoho zahriaznenyia. Еkolohycheskye aspektі zahriaznenyia okruzhaiushchei sredі [Beekeeping products as bioindicators of radioactive contamination. Environmental aspects of environmental pollution]. [in Ukrainian].

2. Alieksenytser M.A., Bondarchuk L.I., Kubaichuk V.P. (1996). Oberezhno – radionuklidy [Be careful – radionuclides]. Pasika− Apiary. № 1. 24-28. [in Ukrainian].

3. Kubaichuk V.P., Reznytskyi E.M. (1992). Shliakhy ochyshchennia ta zapobihannia radioaktyvnomu zabrudnenniu produktsii bdzhilnytstva [Ways to clean and prevent radioactive contamination of beekeeping products]. Bdzhilnytstvo− Apiculture. № 20. 32-36. [in Ukrainian].

4. Polishchuk V.P. (2001). Bdzhilnytstvo [Apiculture]. K.: Vyshcha shkola. [in Ukrainian].

5. Prister B.S., Leshchenko S.O. (1996). Rekomendatsii po vedenniu silskoho hospodarstva v umovakh radioaktyvnoho zabrudnennia terytorii Ukrainy v rezultati avarii na ChAES na period 1996-1998 rokiv [Recommendations for agriculture in terms of radioactive contamination of the territories of Ukraine as a result of the Chernobyl accident for the period 1996-1998]. [in Ukrainian].

6. Razanov S.F. (2007). Shchob oderzhaty chystyi med. [To get pure honey]. Tvarynnytstvo Ukrainy − Livestock of Ukraine. № 4. 40-41. [in Ukrainian].

7. Razanov S.F. (1999). Radyoaktyvnoe zahriaznenye sotov. [Radioactive contamination of cells. Beekeeping]. Pchelovodstvo − Beekeeping. № 5. 9-10. [in Russian].

8. Razanov S.F. (2007). Znyzhennia radioaktyvnosti medu, vyroblenoho bdzholamy u ekolohichnii zoni dobrovilnoho vidselennia meshkantsiv. [Reduction of radioactivity of honey produced by bees in the ecological zone of voluntary resettlement of residents]. Zbirnyk naukovykh prats VDAU − Zbіrnik naukovykh prats VDAU. Issue. 32. 200-205. [in Ukrainian].

9. Razanov S.F. (2009). Vmist radionuklidiv i vazhkykh metaliv u produktsii bdzhilnytstva. [Content of radionuclides and heavy metals in beekeeping products]. Ahroekolohichnyi zhurnal − Agroecological journal. № 1. 9-11. [in Ukrainian].

All journal issues

About journal

Topics of the journal:

Topics of the Journal:

Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop production, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.

Articles on such scientific problems are accepted for printing:

Plant production, current state and prospects for development.

Agrochemistry and modern aspects of fertilizers and biologically active substances application.

Feed production, current state and prospects for development.

Selection, seed production, seed science and varieties.

Protection of plants.

Soil managment and soil quality improvement.

Forestry and gardening.

Vegetables and mushrooms, current status and development trends.

Ecology and environmental protection.

Theory and history of agricultural sciences and forestry.

Modern directions of development of arable land and forestry.

Innovative and investment activities in agriculture and forestry.

Directions and efficiency of crop production

Bioenergy resources of crop production and forestry.

Production of renewable energy from biological resources.

Organic farming, the main area of development and production of organic products.

Agriculture and modern crop rotation and soil cultivation.

Horticulture and viticulture.

Processing and storage of crop products.

Beekeeping, current status and development trends.

Contemporary biological research in crop production and forestry.

Progressive technologies of the agricultural complex.

Psychological and pedagogical problems of agrarian education.

The young scientist opinion.

 

Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.
In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.
 
Certificate of mass media state registration No. 21363-11163 Р of June 09, 2015
1. Founder (co-founder): Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
2. Type of publication: journal.
3. Publication status: domestic.
4. Title(s) of publication: Agriculture and Forestry.
5. Language(s) of the publication: Ukrainian and English.
6. Spread: nationwide.
7. Categories of readers: students, postgraduates, scientists, employees of agroindustrial complex, state bodies of management.
8. Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop cultivation, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.
9. Estimated periodicity of issue, volume (in conventional printed sheets) and format of publication: twice a half year, 7.5-15 conventional printed sheets, format: A4.
10. Legal address of the founder: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3; telephones: (0432) 56-03-13; 35-70-84, fax: (0432) 43-80-25; e-mail:
11. Location of the editorial office: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3.
12. Type of publication by purpose: agriculture and forestry, scientific production.
History of journal:

Journal History:

Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.

In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.

It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.

Listed in the updated list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on agricultural sciences under the name Agriculture and Forestry (Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine of May 16, 2016; No. 515).

Since 2015, "Agriculture and Forestry".  (archive of previous issues for 2015-2019) at http://forestry.vsau.edu.ua/.

The journal “Agriculture and Forestry (ISSN: 2707-5826)” passed the evaluation process of Index Copernicus positively and is indexed in the database of ICI Journals Master List for 2018, 2019, 2020 (international citation database).  Based on the information provided in the evaluation and analysis of journal issues for 2018, 2019, 2020 Copernicus Experts experts calculated the value of the Copernicus Index (ICV) for 2018.  ICV for 2018, 2019, 2020 is presented in the full list of indexed journals in the Master List International List 2018 https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml and in the journal passport https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/ details?

Master List International List 2019 https: id = 65401;  https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml

The ICV for 2020 is visible on the full list of indexed journals at ICI Journals Master List 2020 https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml and in Journal`s Passport https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/details?id=65401&lang=pl

According to the order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine dated 17.03.2020 № 409. The journal Agriculture and Forestry is included in the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine Category "B" in agricultural sciences (specialties) - 101, 201, 202, 203, 205, 206.

According to the order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine from 17.03.2020 № 409. Journal of Agriculture and Forestry is included in the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine Category "B" in agricultural sciences (specialties) - 101, 201, 202, 203, 205, 206.