ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY OF TECHNOLOGICAL METHODS OF NUTU GROWING
Mazur Viktor – Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Professor of the Department of Plant Growing, Selection and Bioenergetic Cultures, leading researcher, Rector of the Vinnytsia National Agrarian University, Vice-President of ESPC Ukrainian Scientific-Educational Consortium (21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Str.3, е-mail: email@example.com ).
Didur Ihor – Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Associate Professor, leading researcher, Dean of the Faculty of Agronomy and Forestry of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Str. 3, firstname.lastname@example.org).
Pantsyreva Hanna – Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Senior Research Fellow, Associate Professor of the Department of Landscape Management, Forestry, Horticulture and Viniculture of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Str. 3, e-mail: email@example.com).
Mordvaniuk Myroslava – Assistant of the Department of Plant Production, Selection and Bioenergetic Cultures, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Str. 3, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
This article provides an economic assessment of the elements of the technology for growing chickpea. The most effective aspects of the cultivation technology are highlighted, which provide the maximum increase in the productivity of chickpea plants and high economic efficiency. Assessing the economic efficiency of growing chickpeas and other agricultural crops in agricultural enterprises, first of all, it is necessary to determine the system of interrelated indicators that will objectively show its level. For this, they are often used both in value and in kind. According to the research results, the indicators of economic and energy efficiency of seed treatment before sowing and foliar dressing in the elements of chickpea cultivation technology, which were the object of study, were determined. The economic efficiency of growing chickpea grain in the Pravoberezhnaya forest-steppe was determined by the following indicators: the cost of production per 1 ha, the cost of 1 ton of grain, costs per 1 ha, net profit per hectare, and the level of profitability. During the calculation, the following research results were used: those that form the selling price – grain yield, yield increase, protein and fat content, and those that make up the cost of production – production costs. According to the exchange prices, the cost of chickpea grain is rather unstable and fluctuates in a wide range – from UAH 10,000 to UAH 30,000 per 1 ton. The cost of production from 1 hectare was set taking into account the price of chickpeas as of 31.12. 2019, which averaged UAH 20,000. When treating seeds before sowing with bioinoculant Rizoline + Rhizosave and two foliar feeding with micronutrient fertilizer, the legume yield of the Pegasus variety was high. net profit at the level of 17,815 rubles / ha with a profitability level of 155%, which is 68% more for control, for the Triumph variety – 15793 UAH / ha and 139%, which is 62% more for control. Considering the structure of costs, we can conclude that the maximum costs were respectively for the following categories of costs: for protective equipment – 21.5%, seeds – 34.9% and fuels and lubricants – 15.3%. Hence, a significant part of the costs falls on other costs, which include deductions for depreciation and repair non-current assets.
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Topics of the Journal:
Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop production, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.
Articles on such scientific problems are accepted for printing:
Plant production, current state and prospects for development.
Agrochemistry and modern aspects of fertilizers and biologically active substances application.
Feed production, current state and prospects for development.
Selection, seed production, seed science and varieties.
Protection of plants.
Soil managment and soil quality improvement.
Forestry and gardening.
Vegetables and mushrooms, current status and development trends.
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Theory and history of agricultural sciences and forestry.
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Beekeeping, current status and development trends.
Contemporary biological research in crop production and forestry.
Progressive technologies of the agricultural complex.
Psychological and pedagogical problems of agrarian education.
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Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded in 1995; it was entitled as Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.
In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.
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According to the order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine from 17.03.2020 № 409. Journal of Agriculture and Forestry is included in the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine Category "B" in agricultural sciences (specialties) - 101, 201, 202, 203, 205, 206.