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Agriculture and forestry

space SCIENTIFIC JOURNALS OF VINNITSA NATIONAL AGRARIAN UNIVERSITY

Issue №: 2 (21)

Published: 2021.06.01
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2021-2


Description:
Випуск журнала присвячено вивченню оптимізації технологічних прийомів вирощування сільськогосподарських культур. Розглянуто важливість впливу бобових культур на покращення родючості грунту, екології та охорони навколишнього середовища, методам боротьби із шкодочинними об'єктами, озеленення територій, селекції та насінництва.

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ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY OF TECHNOLOGICAL METHODS OF NUTU GROWING

DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2021-2-2
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Mazur Viktor – Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Professor of the Department of Plant Growing, Selection and Bioenergetic Cultures, leading researcher, Rector of the Vinnytsia National Agrarian University, Vice-President of ESPC Ukrainian Scientific-Educational Consortium (21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Str.3, е-mail: rector@vsau.org ).

Didur Ihor – Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Associate Professor, leading researcher, Dean of the Faculty of Agronomy and Forestry of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Str. 3, didurihor@gmail.com).

Pantsyreva Hanna – Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Senior Research Fellow, Associate Professor of the Department of Landscape Management, Forestry, Horticulture and Viniculture of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Str. 3, e-mail: apantsyreva@ukr.net).

Mordvaniuk Myroslava  – Assistant of the Department of Plant Production, Selection and Bioenergetic Cultures, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Str. 3, e-mail: temchenko@vsau.vin.ua).

 

Annotation

This article provides an economic assessment of the elements of the technology for growing chickpea. The most effective aspects of the cultivation technology are highlighted, which provide the maximum increase in the productivity of chickpea plants and high economic efficiency.  Assessing the economic efficiency of growing chickpeas and other agricultural crops in agricultural enterprises, first of all, it is necessary to determine the system of interrelated indicators that will objectively show its level. For this, they are often used both in value and in kind.  According to the research results, the indicators of economic and energy efficiency of seed treatment before sowing and foliar dressing in the elements of chickpea cultivation technology, which were the object of study, were determined. The economic efficiency of growing chickpea grain in the Pravoberezhnaya forest-steppe was determined by the following indicators: the cost of production per 1 ha, the cost of 1 ton of grain, costs per 1 ha, net profit per hectare, and the level of profitability. During the calculation, the following research results were used: those that form the selling price – grain yield, yield increase, protein and fat content, and those that make up the cost of production – production costs. According to the exchange prices, the cost of chickpea grain is rather unstable and fluctuates in a wide range –  from UAH 10,000 to UAH 30,000 per 1 ton. The cost of production from 1 hectare was set taking into account the price of chickpeas as of 31.12. 2019, which averaged UAH 20,000. When treating seeds before sowing with bioinoculant Rizoline + Rhizosave and two foliar feeding with micronutrient fertilizer, the legume yield of the Pegasus variety was high. net profit at the level of 17,815 rubles / ha with a profitability level of 155%, which is 68% more for control, for the Triumph variety – 15793 UAH / ha and 139%, which is 62% more for control. Considering the structure of costs, we can conclude that the maximum costs were respectively for the following categories of costs: for protective equipment – 21.5%, seeds – 34.9% and fuels and lubricants – 15.3%. Hence, a significant part of the costs falls on other costs, which include deductions for depreciation and repair non-current assets.

Keywords: Cicer, elements of cultivation technology, economic efficiency, seed treatment before sowing, grain productivity, cost price, net profit.

List of references

1.Sichkar V.I., Bushulian O.V. (2001). Tekhnolohiia vyroshchuvannia nutu v Ukraini [Chickpea growing technology in Ukraine]. Propozytsiia − Offer. № 10. 42–43. [In Ukraine]

2.Dospekhov B.A. (1985). Metodyka polevoho opыta (s osnovamy statystycheskoi obrabotky rezultatov yssledovanyi) [Field experiment technique (with the basics of statistical processing of research results)]. [In Ukraine]. 

3.Mordvaniuk M.O. (2020). Vplyv elementiv tekhnolohii vyroshchuvannia nutu na vrozhaini pokaznyky [Influence of elements of chickpea cultivation technology on yield indicators]. Silske hospodarstvo ta lisivnytstvo. − Collection of scientific works of VNAU. Agriculture and forestry Zbirnyk naukovykh prats VNAU. № 16. 238-250. [In Ukraine].

4.Telekalo N., Mordvaniuk M., Shafar H., Matsera O. (2019). Agroecological methods of improving the productivity of niche leguminous crops. Ukrainian Journal of Ecology. №9 (1). 

5.Mazur V.A., Lypovyi V.H., Mordvaniuk M.O. (2020). Metodyka naukovykh doslidzhen v ahronomii: navchalnyi posibnyk [Methods of scientific research in agronomy: a textbook]. Vinnytsia: VTs TOV «TVORY». [In Ukraine].

6.Mazur V.A., Polishchuk I.S., Telekalo N.V., Mordvaniuk M.O. (2020). Roslynnytstvo. Chastyna II: navchalnyi posibnyk [Plant growing. Part II: textbook]. Vinnytsia: VTs TOV «Druk». [In Ukraine].

7.Mazur V.A., Didur I.M., Pantsyreva H.V. (2020). Obgruntuvannia adaptyvnoi sortovoi tekhnolohii vyroshchuvannia zernobobovykh kultur v pravoberezhnomu Lisostepu Ukrainy [Substantiation of adaptive varietal technology of growing legumes in the right-bank Forest-Steppe of Ukraine]. Zbirnyk naukovykh prats VNAU. «Silske hospodarstvo ta lisivnytstvo»- Collection of scientific works of VNAU. Agriculture and forestry №18. 5-17. [In Ukraine].

8. Zabolotnyi H.M., Mazur V.A., Tsyhanska O.I,, Didur I.M., Tsyhanskyi V.I., Pantsyreva H.V. (2020). Ahrobiolohichni osnovy vyroshchuvannia soi ta shliakhy 

maksymalnoi realizatsii yii produktyvnosti: monohrafiia Monohrafiia [Agrobiological bases of soybean cultivation and ways of maximum realization of its productivity: monograph.]. Vinnytsia: VNAU. [In Ukraine].

9.Bulgakov V., Adamchuk V., Kaletnik G., Arak M., Olt J. (2014). [Mathematical model of vibration digging up of root crops from soil]. Agronomy Research. № 12 (1). 41-58. [in Estonia].

10.Didur, I., Bakhmat M., Сhynchyk O., Pantsyreva H., Telekalo N., Tkachuk O. (2020). [Substantiation of agroecological factors on soybean agrophytocenoses by analysis of variance of the Right-Bank Forest-Steppe in Ukraine]. Ukrainian Journal of Ecology. Vol. 10 (5). P. 54-61. [In English].

11.Honcharuk I., Pantsyreva H. (2020). [Efficiency of growing legumes crops in Ukraine. Collective monograph]. Publishing House «Baltija Publishing», Riga, Latvia. 42-65. [In English].

12.Palamarchuk V., Krychkovskyi V., Honcharuk I., TelekaloN. (2021). [The Modeling of the Production Process of High-Starch Corn Hybrids of Different Maturity Groups]. European Journal of Sustainable Development. 10 (1). 584-598. [In English].

 

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About journal

Topics of the journal:

Topics of the Journal:

Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop production, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.

Articles on such scientific problems are accepted for printing:

Plant production, current state and prospects for development.

Agrochemistry and modern aspects of fertilizers and biologically active substances application.

Feed production, current state and prospects for development.

Selection, seed production, seed science and varieties.

Protection of plants.

Soil managment and soil quality improvement.

Forestry and gardening.

Vegetables and mushrooms, current status and development trends.

Ecology and environmental protection.

Theory and history of agricultural sciences and forestry.

Modern directions of development of arable land and forestry.

Innovative and investment activities in agriculture and forestry.

Directions and efficiency of crop production

Bioenergy resources of crop production and forestry.

Production of renewable energy from biological resources.

Organic farming, the main area of development and production of organic products.

Agriculture and modern crop rotation and soil cultivation.

Horticulture and viticulture.

Processing and storage of crop products.

Beekeeping, current status and development trends.

Contemporary biological research in crop production and forestry.

Progressive technologies of the agricultural complex.

Psychological and pedagogical problems of agrarian education.

The young scientist opinion.

 

Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.
In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.
 
Certificate of mass media state registration No. 21363-11163 Р of June 09, 2015
1. Founder (co-founder): Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
2. Type of publication: journal.
3. Publication status: domestic.
4. Title(s) of publication: Agriculture and Forestry.
5. Language(s) of the publication: Ukrainian, Russian, and English.
6. Spread: nationwide.
7. Categories of readers: students, postgraduates, scientists, employees of agroindustrial complex, state bodies of management.
8. Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop cultivation, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.
9. Estimated periodicity of issue, volume (in conventional printed sheets) and format of publication: twice a half year, 7.5-15 conventional printed sheets, format: A4.
10. Legal address of the founder: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3; telephones: (0432) 56-03-13; 35-70-84, fax: (0432) 43-80-25; e-mail:
11. Location of the editorial office: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3.
12. Type of publication by purpose: agriculture and forestry, scientific production.
History of journal:

Journal History:

Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.

In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.

It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.

Listed in the updated list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on agricultural sciences under the name Agriculture and Forestry (Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine of May 16, 2016; No. 515).

Since 2015, "Agriculture and Forestry".  (archive of previous issues for 2015-2019) at http://forestry.vsau.edu.ua/.

The journal “Agriculture and Forestry (ISSN: 2707-5826)” passed the evaluation process of Index Copernicus positively and is indexed in the database of ICI Journals Master List for 2018, 2019 (international citation database).  Based on the information provided in the evaluation and analysis of journal issues for 2018 and 2019, Copernicus Experts experts calculated the value of the Copernicus Index (ICV) for 2018.  ICV for 2018 and 2019 is presented in the full list of indexed journals in the Master List International List 2018 https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml and in the journal passport https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/ details?

Master List International List 2019 https: id = 65401;  https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml

According to the order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine dated 17.03.2020 № 409. The journal Agriculture and Forestry is included in the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine Category "B" in agricultural sciences (specialties) - 101, 201, 202, 203, 205, 206.

According to the order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine from 17.03.2020 № 409. Journal of Agriculture and Forestry is included in the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine Category "B" in agricultural sciences (specialties) - 101, 201, 202, 203, 205, 206.