ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY OF TECHNOLOGICAL METHODS OF GROWING OF SWITCHGRASS
Mazur Viktor – Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Associate Professor of the Plant Growing, Selection and Bioenergetic Cultures Department, Rector of the Vinnytsia National Agrarian University, Vice-President of ESPC Ukrainian Scientific-Educational Consortium (21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna St.3, е-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org ).
Branitskyi Yurii – Director of the Uladovo-Lyulyntsi Experimental Breeding Station of the Institute of Bioenergetic Cultures and Sugar Beet NAAS (Vinnytsia region, Kalynivka, district, Uladivske, Samolevska St., 15).
Mazur Oleksandr – Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Plant Production, Selection and Bioenergetic Cultures, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna St., 3 е-mail: email@example.com).
The article presents economic assessment of technological methods of cultivation of switchgrass. The most effective technologic activities to ensure maximum growth yield of dry biomass of switchgrass and the highest econonomic efficiency. The highest efficiency was obtained at the variant where there have been two pre-cultivation before and after the rolling ladder. The varieties Сave-in-rock and Сarthage the third and fourth years the farming cost of production from the realization of biomass in this variant amounted to 11,875 and 15,390; 9,595 and 13,870 UAH/ha, and profit from sales of products – 4,157 and 7,381; 1,974 and 5,950 UAH/ha and profitability of Cave-in-rock – 92,2 and Сarthage – 75.1 per cent in the fourth year of vegetation. A high level of profitability obtained on the variant, where conducted, only two pre-cultivation the varieties of millet lozovenko the fourth year of vegetation: Cave-in-rock – of 87.0 and Сarthage was 69.2%. The cultivation of plants during second year of vegetation was not effective, the level of profitability at grades Сarthage from 25,6 to -43,3% and cave-in-rock from -12,6 to -36,7%. The highest indicators of economic efficiency were obtained in the variant with row-spacing width of 45 cm from plant switchgrass third and fourth year of cultivation. The varieties Cave-in-rock and Сarthage the cost from the sale of biomass amounted to 12635 and 15675; 7885 and 13870 UAH/ha, and profit from sales of products – 4844 and 7553; 493 and 5950 UAH/ha profitability of millet varieties depended primarily on year of vegetation, width of row spacing and varietal characteristics.
The highest level of profitability obtained from varieties of millet the fourth year of vegetation with a width between rows 45 cm – 75.1% in the variety Cartage and 93.0% of the varieties cave-in-rock. A lower level of profitability obtained for the variant in terms of 2017, where inter-row spacing was 30 cm from millet varieties cave-in-rock – 73,6% and Cartage – 50.5 per cent.
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Topics of the Journal:
Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop production, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.
Articles on such scientific problems are accepted for printing:
Plant production, current state and prospects for development.
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Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded in 1995; it was entitled as Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.
In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.
Listed in the updated list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on agricultural sciences under the name Agriculture and Forestry (Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine of May 16, 2016; No. 515).