ECONOMIC AND BIOLOGICAL ASSESSMENT OF SWEET PEPPER VARIETIES IN OPEN GROUND CONDITIONS
Vdovenko Serhiy Anatoliyovych – Doctor of Agricultural Sciences, Professor of the Department of Forestry, Horticulture and Viticulture of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, 3 Sonyachna Street e-mail: email@example.com).
Shvydkyi Pavlo Andriyovych – ostgraduate student, assistant of the Department of Forestry, Horticulture and Viticulture of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, 3 Sonyachna Street e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
One of the main tasks of the vegetable growing industry is to expand the range of vegetable products grown in open and closed soil conditions. Research was conducted on the basis of the Vinnytsia National Agrarian University in 2019-2021. The research used zoned sweet pepper varieties Aphrodite, Beya, Monant, and hybrids Tesla F1, Tamara F1, Priscilla F1, suitable for cultivation in the Forest-Steppe Zone of Ukraine. The experiment was carried out in triplicate by the method of randomized blocks. Plants of the Aphrodite variety and the Tesla F1 hybrid were used as controls. The purpose of the research was to determine the economic and biological value of varieties and hybrids of sweet pepper in open ground in the conditions of the Right Bank Forest Steppe of Ukraine. The object of research was the processes of growth and development of sweet pepper plants. Seedlings aged in. For 50 days, they were planted according to the recommendations of the Institute of Vegetable and Melon Growing of the National Academy of Sciences on a permanent place of cultivation in open ground. A 70x20 cm row layout of plants was chosen for the research. The average number of fruits per plant depends on varietal characteristics. In the hybrid, Priscilla F1, the number of fruits per plant was 6.9, and in the Beya variety - 6.3. The total yield consisted of marketable and non-marketable products, where the indicator of marketable yield was the highest and ranged from 85 to 92%. During the years under study, the yield had a variable value: for example, in 2019, the highest yield was obtained from sweet pepper hybrids and somewhat lower from varieties. As a result of the cultivation of sweet pepper, the Beya variety is characterized by a higher yield - 42.8 t/ha and the Priscilla F1 hybrid - 50.6 t/ha. The studied variet
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Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded in 1995; it was entitled as Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.
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According to the order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine from 17.03.2020 № 409. Journal of Agriculture and Forestry is included in the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine Category "B" in agricultural sciences (specialties) - 101, 201, 202, 203, 205, 206.