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Agriculture and forestry

space SCIENTIFIC JOURNALS OF VINNITSA NATIONAL AGRARIAN UNIVERSITY

Issue №: 1 (20)

Published: 2021.03.30
DOI: 0.37128/2707-5826-2021-1


Description:
Випуск журнала присвячено вивченню оптимізації технологічних прийомів вирощування польових культур. Особливостей вирощування овочевих культур, екології та охорони навколишнього середовища, впливу бобових культур на покращення родючості грунту, адаптивній селекції. Особливостям росту й розвитку лісових порід, методам боротьби із шкодочинними об'єктами.

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ECOLOGICAL PROBLEMS OF FUNCTIONING OF PROTECTIVE FOREST LANDS IN THE CONDITIONS OF FOREST STEPPE OF THE RIGHT BANK

DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2021-14
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Klymenko Mykola Oleksandrovych − Doctor of Agricultural Sciences, Professor, National University of Water Management and Nature Management (11 Soborna Street, Rivne, 33028).

Tkachuk Oleksandr Petrovich − Doctor of Agricultural Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Ecology and Environmental Protection of Vinnitsa National Agrarian University (Soniachna Str. 3, Vinnytsia, 21008, e-mail: tkachukop@ukr.net).

Pankova Snizhana Oleksiivna − graduate student of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University. (Soniachna Str. 3, Vinnytsia, 21008, e-mail: kartushina777@icloud.com).

Annotation

The positive agroecological impact of field-protective forest plantations on the state of agricultural land is noted, which is manifested in the cessation of the development of water and wind erosion, the accumulation of moisture in the soil, the creation of a favorable microclimate in crops, an increase in the general biodiversity, which leads to an increase in the yield of field cult by 20%, the productivity of pastures - up to 25%, dairy production - up to 12%. However, in recent years, the functional properties of field-protective afforestation have sharply decreased due to an unbalanced ratio of arable land, natural hayfields and pastures, forests with a significant predominance of arable land; strengthening of the negative impact on agricultural landscapes and their biological component, in particular climate change in the direction of aridity, aridization, technogenic load, and the like; deterioration of the silvicultural state of field-protective forest plantations of a linear type, a decrease in their areas, a decrease in protective and reclamation functions, a violation of their optimal age and species structure; the inconsistency of the structures of field-protective forest plantations with certain types of agricultural landscapes, reduces their ameliorative impact on agricultural land; the absence of completed systems of protective forest plantations of the linear type; application of simplified technologies in agriculture, weakening the ameliorative influence of protective forest plantations of a linear type on agricultural land; decrease in the volume of creation of agroforestry plantations over the past decades; lack of targeted systemic government measures for protective forest plantations of the linear type; insufficient total area of various categories of protective forest plantations of the linear type; reduction of the area of protective forest plantations of the linear type due to illegal economic activities; liquidation of agroforestry services; a significant decrease in the amount of funding for scientific research on agroforestry; lack of legal norms that provide for liability for inefficient land use.

Analysis of the current degree of completeness and completeness of systems of field-protective forest plantations and the need for their optimization showed that field-protective forest cover in Ukraine is only 1.5% of the total land use area, in particular, in the Steppe zone - 2.2%, in the Forest-steppe - 1.0 and in Polesie - 0.4%. The area of forest shelter belts for various purposes, as well as forests, which, in turn, perform protective functions, is insufficient to stabilize the environment and create conditions for normal management. The total and field-protective forest cover of agricultural land in Ukraine is significantly lower than the established standards, which are about 3%. At this time, the situation with field-protective plantations is as follows: lands under field-protective forest belts no longer belong to the lands of the forest fund, but have become agricultural lands with the status of non-agricultural lands; lands under forest shelter belts are in communal ownership; lands for forest shelterbelts are transferred for permanent use and lease; permanent use of land for field protection plantations is transferred exclusively to specialized enterprises of communal and state forms of ownership; any natural or legal person can get a lease of field-protective forest belts, provided that the lease agreement includes the obligation to maintain and preserve such belts and ensure that they perform the functions of agroforestry reclamation; the rules for the maintenance of shelterbelts must be approved by the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine.

Keywords: field-protective forest plantations, functioning, agro-ecological state, directions of improvement.

List of references

1. Piddubna D. (2016). Polezakhysni lisovi smuhy ta inshi zakhysni nasadzhennya – nevidyemni skladovi orhanichnoho vyrobnytstva. [Field protective forest strips and other protective plantings are integral components of organic production]. Pidpryyemnytstvo, hospodarstvo i pravo – Entrepreneurship, economy and law № 1. 85–91. [in Ukrainian].

2. Yukhnovsʹkyy̆ V.YU., Malyuha V.M., Shtofelʹ M.O., Dudaretsʹ S.M. (2009). Shlyakhy vyrishennya problemy polezakhysnoho lisorozvedennya v Ukraïni. [Ways to solve the problem of protective afforestation in Ukraine]. Naukovi pratsi Lisivnychoï akademiï nauk Ukraïny – Scientific works of the Forestry Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. L'viv. Issue 7. 62-65. [in Ukrainian].

3. Pavlenko O.M. Ochikuvanyy. efekt vid rozvytku zroshuval'nykh system. [The expected effect from the development of irrigation systems]. URL: https://www. facebook.com/Pavlenko.O/?pnref=story (appeal date 05.11.2020) [in Ukrainian].

4. Pro okhoronu navkolyshn'oho pryrodnoho seredovyshcha. [On environmental protection]. Zakon Ukrainy vid 25 chervnya 1991 roku (u redaktsiï vid 1 sichnya 2016 roku) – Law of Ukraine of June 25, 1991 (as amended on January 1, 2016). URL: http://zakon2.rada.gov.ua/laws/ show/1264-12. (appeal date 05.11.2020) [in Ukrainian].

5. Tymoshevs'kyy. V.V. Ahroekolohichne znachennya polezakhysnykh lisovykh smuh. [Agroecological significance of field protective forest strips]. URL: http://econf.at.ua/publ/konferencija_2015_10_20_21/ sekcija_5_ ekonomichni_nauki /agroekologichne_znachennja_polezakhisnikh_lisovikh_smug/30-1-0- 594. (appeal date 05.11.2020) [in Ukrainian].

6. Budushcheye, kotorogo my khotim. Rio+20. Itogovyi dokument Konferentsii Organizatsii Ob"yedinennykh Natsii po ustoichivomu razvitiyu. 19.07.2012. [The future we want. Rio + 20 . Outcome document of the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development. 19.07.2012]. URL: https://rio20. un.org/sites/rio20.un.org/files/a-conf.216-l-1_russian. pdf.pdf (appeal date 05.11.2020) [in Russian].

7. Lisovyy. kodeks Ukrainy. [Forest Code of Ukraine]. URL: http://zakon 0.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/ 3852-12 (appeal date 05.11.2020) [in Ukrainian].

8. Bodrov V.A. (1974). Polezashchitnoye lesorazvedeniye (teoreticheskiye osnovy). [Field protective afforestation (theoretical foundations)]. K.: Urozhai. [in Ukrainian].

9. Lukish V.V. (2013). Ekolohichni funktsiï polezakhysnykh lisovykh nasadzhen'. [Ecological functions of field protective forest plantations]. Ekolohichni nauky – Environmental sciences. . 1. 56–64. URL: http://ecoj.dea.gov.ua/wp- content/uploads/2013/02/shelter.pdf. (appeal date 05.11.2020) [in Ukrainian].

10. Malyuha V.M. (2010). Mistse i rol' zakhysnykh lisovykh nasadzhen' u rozbudovi natsional'noï ekolohichnoï merezhi. [The place and role of protective forest plantations in the development of the national ecological network]. Materialy naukovoï konferentsiï naukovo-pedahohichnykh pratsivnykiv i aspirantiv Natsional'noho universytetu bioresursiv i pryrodokorystuvannya Ukrainy – Proceedings of the scientific conference of research and teaching staff and graduate students of the National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine. K.: NUBiP Ukrainy. 99–100. [in Ukrainian].

11. Pylypenko O.I., Yukhnovs'kyy V.YU. (1998). Lis i pole – yedyna ekolohichna systema. [Forest and field – a single ecological system]. Visnyk ahrarnoï nauky. Spetsial'nyy. 153 vypusk: NAU – 100 rokiv – Bulletin of Agricultural Science. Special 153 issue: NAU - 100 years. K.: NAU. 91–93. [in Ukrainian].

12. Stadnyk A.P. (2008). Landshaftno-ekolohichna optymizatsiya system zakhysnykh lisovykh nasadzhenʹ Ukraïny. [Landscape-ecological optimization of systems of protective forest plantations of Ukraine]. avtoref. dys. ... dokt. s.-hosp. nauk: spets. 03.00.16 «Ekolohiya» – author's ref. dis. ... Dr. Science: special. 03.00.16 «Ecology». In-t ahroekolohiï. K. [in Ukrainian].

13. Hladun H.B. (2005). Znachennya zakhysnykh lisovykh nasadzhenʹ dlya zabezpechennya staloho rozvytku ahrolandshaftiv. [The importance of protective forest plantations to ensure sustainable development of agricultural landscapes]. Naukovyy̆ visnyk – Scientific Bulletin. № 15/7. 113-118. [in Ukrainian].

14. Petrovych O.Z. (2014). Polezakhysni lisosmuhy v konteksti vprovadzhennya kontseptsiï ekosystemnykh posluh. [Field protective forest belts in the context of implementation of the concept of ecosystem services]. Ékosystemy, ykh optymyzatsyya y okhrana – Ecosystems, their optimization and protection. Issue. 11. 42–29. [in Ukrainian].

15. Mykolayko V.P., Kyrylyuk V.P., Kozynsʹka P.I. (2020). Polezakhysni lisovi smuhy yak zemli silʹsʹkohospodarsʹkoho pryznachennya. [Field protective forest strips as agricultural lands]. Zbalansovane pryrodokorystuvannya – Balanced nature management. № 2. 84-93. [in Ukrainian].

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About journal

Topics of the journal:

Topics of the Journal:

Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop production, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.

Articles on such scientific problems are accepted for printing:

Plant production, current state and prospects for development.

Agrochemistry and modern aspects of fertilizers and biologically active substances application.

Feed production, current state and prospects for development.

Selection, seed production, seed science and varieties.

Protection of plants.

Soil managment and soil quality improvement.

Forestry and gardening.

Vegetables and mushrooms, current status and development trends.

Ecology and environmental protection.

Theory and history of agricultural sciences and forestry.

Modern directions of development of arable land and forestry.

Innovative and investment activities in agriculture and forestry.

Directions and efficiency of crop production

Bioenergy resources of crop production and forestry.

Production of renewable energy from biological resources.

Organic farming, the main area of development and production of organic products.

Agriculture and modern crop rotation and soil cultivation.

Horticulture and viticulture.

Processing and storage of crop products.

Beekeeping, current status and development trends.

Contemporary biological research in crop production and forestry.

Progressive technologies of the agricultural complex.

Psychological and pedagogical problems of agrarian education.

The young scientist opinion.

 

Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.
In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.
 
Certificate of mass media state registration No. 21363-11163 Р of June 09, 2015
1. Founder (co-founder): Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
2. Type of publication: journal.
3. Publication status: domestic.
4. Title(s) of publication: Agriculture and Forestry.
5. Language(s) of the publication: Ukrainian, Russian, and English.
6. Spread: nationwide.
7. Categories of readers: students, postgraduates, scientists, employees of agroindustrial complex, state bodies of management.
8. Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop cultivation, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.
9. Estimated periodicity of issue, volume (in conventional printed sheets) and format of publication: twice a half year, 7.5-15 conventional printed sheets, format: A4.
10. Legal address of the founder: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3; telephones: (0432) 56-03-13; 35-70-84, fax: (0432) 43-80-25; e-mail:
11. Location of the editorial office: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3.
12. Type of publication by purpose: agriculture and forestry, scientific production.
History of journal:

Journal History:

Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.

In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.

It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.

Listed in the updated list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on agricultural sciences under the name Agriculture and Forestry (Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine of May 16, 2016; No. 515).

Since 2015, "Agriculture and Forestry".  (archive of previous issues for 2015-2019) at http://forestry.vsau.edu.ua/.

The journal “Agriculture and Forestry (ISSN: 2707-5826)” passed the evaluation process of Index Copernicus positively and is indexed in the database of ICI Journals Master List for 2018, 2019 (international citation database).  Based on the information provided in the evaluation and analysis of journal issues for 2018 and 2019, Copernicus Experts experts calculated the value of the Copernicus Index (ICV) for 2018.  ICV for 2018 and 2019 is presented in the full list of indexed journals in the Master List International List 2018 https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml and in the journal passport https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/ details?

Master List International List 2019 https: id = 65401;  https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml

According to the order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine dated 17.03.2020 № 409. The journal Agriculture and Forestry is included in the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine Category "B" in agricultural sciences (specialties) - 101, 201, 202, 203, 205, 206.

According to the order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine from 17.03.2020 № 409. Journal of Agriculture and Forestry is included in the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine Category "B" in agricultural sciences (specialties) - 101, 201, 202, 203, 205, 206.