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Agriculture and forestry

space SCIENTIFIC JOURNALS OF VINNITSA NATIONAL AGRARIAN UNIVERSITY

Issue №: 1 (24)

Published: 2022.05.03
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2022-1


Description:
The issue of the magazine is devoted to the improvement of technological methods of growing crops. A special role is given to the influence of legumes on increasing soil fertility, ecology and environmental protection, methods of pest control and the introduction of ornamental plants and breeding

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ECOLOGICAL ASSESSMENT OF REPEATED CORN CROPS IN UKRAINE

DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2022-1-13
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Tkachuk Оleksandr Petrovich, Doctor of Agricultural Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Ecology and Environmental Protection of Vinnitsa National Agrarian University (Sonyachna str. 3, Vinnitsa city, 21008. tel. 0679546095. e-mail: tkachukop@ukr.net)

Bondarenko Mykhailo Ihorovych, graduate student of the Department of Ecology and Environmental Protection of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (Sonyachna str. 3, Vinnytsia, 21008. tel. 0978081125. email: bondarenkomikhailo2011@gmail.com)

 

Annotation

Overthe past 10 years, the area under corn in Ukraine has more than doubled and now stands at about 5 million hectares. At the same time, according to the results of scientific recommendations, the optimal area for sowing corn for grain and silage in Ukraine should be within 3 million hectares. Until now, the question of the optimal location of corn crops for grain in Ukraine is controversial. It is established that currently the placement of grain corn in the natural and economic zones of Ukraine does not fully ensure the effective use of bioclimatic and economic potential to increase grain production. And this, in turn, necessitates further improvement of the location of this culture in some regions of the country. Since modern crop rotations include a very limited set of crops: winter wheat, corn, sunflower, partly winter oilseed rape and soybeans, it is difficult to choose the optimal or even acceptable precursors for corn. Maize is often grown after winter wheat, but this precursor is lacking because it is used for sowing sunflower, winter oilseed rape and soybeans. If re-cultivation of other crops is not allowed, then corn can withstand such crops. Therefore, part of the corn crop is re-sown after corn for two or three or even more years. In repeated crops, the rate of application of mineral fertilizers can increase by 20-30%. Prolonged use of such mineral fertilizers can cause contamination of soils and products with heavy metals, nitrates and other toxicants, acidify or alkalize the soil reaction. Also, monoculture cultivation of corn causes deterioration of the phytosanitary condition of the agroecosystem, in particular the spread of pests, diseases, specific weed species resistant to herbicides. A problem that has spread in recent years is the intensive development of the meadow butterfly, which causes the complete destruction of corn seedlings. This requires intensifying the protection of corn from pests that also affect the ecological state of the agroecosystem.

 

Keywords: corn, crops, re-cultivation, ecological problems, мaize, mineral fertilizers.

List of references

1.Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. URL: http://www.fao.org  (application date: 30.07.2021). [in English].

2.Furdychko O.I, Demyanyuk O.S. (2014). Yakistʹ i bezpechnistʹ silʹsʹkohospodarsʹkoyi produktsiyi v konteksti prodovolʹchoyi bezpeky Ukrayiny. [Quality and safety of agricultural products in the context of food security of Ukraine]. Ahroekolohichnyy zhurnal – Agroecological journal. № 1. 7-12. [in Ukrainian].

3.Lykhochvor V.V., Petrychenko V.F. (2006). Roslynnytstvo. Suchasni intensyvni tekhnolohiyi vyroshchuvannya osnovnykh polʹovykh kulʹtur. [Plant growing. Modern intensive technologies for growing major field crops]. Lʹviv: NVF «Ukrayinsʹki tekhnolohiyi». [in Ukrainian].

4.Sayko V.F. (2008). Naukovi osnovy zemlerobstva v konteksti zmin klimatu. [Scientific bases of agriculture in the context of climate change]. Visnyk ahrarnoyi nauky – Bulletin of Agricultural Science. № 11. 5-10. [in Ukrainian].

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6.Babych A.O. (1996). Kormovi ta likarsʹki roslyny v ХХ-ХХІ stolittyakh. [Fodder and medicinal plants in the XX-XXI centuries]. Kyyiv: Ahrarna nauka. [in Ukrainian].

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8.Nadʹ Y.A. (2012). Kukurudza. [Corn]. Vinnytsya: FOP Korzun D.YU.  [in Ukrainian].

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10.Payton P. et al. (2001). Protecting cotton photosynthesis during moderate chilling at high light intensity by increasing chloroplastic antioxidant enzyme activity. J. Exp. Bot. Vol. 52. № 12. P. 2345-2354. [in English].

11.Tilman D., Cassman K.G., Matson P.A. et al. (2002). Agricultural sustainability and intensive production practices. Nature. Vol. 418. № 8. P. 671- 677. [in English].

12.Babych A.O., Babych-Poberezhna A.A. (2014). Zasukha, sukhoviy i pylova burya v Ukrayini v period hlobalʹnykh zmin klimatu. [Drought, drought and dust storm in Ukraine in the period of global climate change]. Vinnytsya: TOV «Vydavnytstvo drukarnya DILO».  [in Ukrainian].

13.Tsikov V.S. (2000). Agroekologicheskiye osobennosti vozdelyvaniya kukuruzy v Stepi Ukrainy. [Agro-ecological features of corn cultivation in the Steppe of Ukraine]. Khraneniye i pererabotka zerna – Storage and processing of grain. № 3. 18-21. [in Ukrainian].

14.Mamayeva G.G. (2002). Vliyaniye monokul'tury na ekologicheskoye sostoyaniye sistemy pochva – rasteniye i pochvoutomleniye. [Influence of monoculture on the ecological state of the soil-plant system and soil fatigue]. Ekologicheskaya bezopasnost' v APK – Environmental safety in the agro-industrial complex [in Ukrainian].

15.Stulin A.S. (2007). Vliyaniye dlitel'nogo primeneniya udobreniy v bessmennom poseve kukuruzy na yeye produktivnost' i vynos elementov pitaniya na chernozeme vyshchelochennom. [The influence of long-term use of fertilizers in the permanent sowing of corn on its productivity and the removal of nutrients on leached chernozem]. Agrokhimiya – Agrochemistry. № 1. 25-30. [in Ukrainian].

 

All journal issues

About journal

Topics of the journal:

Topics of the Journal:

Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop production, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.

Articles on such scientific problems are accepted for printing:

Plant production, current state and prospects for development.

Agrochemistry and modern aspects of fertilizers and biologically active substances application.

Feed production, current state and prospects for development.

Selection, seed production, seed science and varieties.

Protection of plants.

Soil managment and soil quality improvement.

Forestry and gardening.

Vegetables and mushrooms, current status and development trends.

Ecology and environmental protection.

Theory and history of agricultural sciences and forestry.

Modern directions of development of arable land and forestry.

Innovative and investment activities in agriculture and forestry.

Directions and efficiency of crop production

Bioenergy resources of crop production and forestry.

Production of renewable energy from biological resources.

Organic farming, the main area of development and production of organic products.

Agriculture and modern crop rotation and soil cultivation.

Horticulture and viticulture.

Processing and storage of crop products.

Beekeeping, current status and development trends.

Contemporary biological research in crop production and forestry.

Progressive technologies of the agricultural complex.

Psychological and pedagogical problems of agrarian education.

The young scientist opinion.

 

Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.
In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.
 
Certificate of mass media state registration No. 21363-11163 Р of June 09, 2015
1. Founder (co-founder): Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
2. Type of publication: journal.
3. Publication status: domestic.
4. Title(s) of publication: Agriculture and Forestry.
5. Language(s) of the publication: Ukrainian and English.
6. Spread: nationwide.
7. Categories of readers: students, postgraduates, scientists, employees of agroindustrial complex, state bodies of management.
8. Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop cultivation, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.
9. Estimated periodicity of issue, volume (in conventional printed sheets) and format of publication: twice a half year, 7.5-15 conventional printed sheets, format: A4.
10. Legal address of the founder: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3; telephones: (0432) 56-03-13; 35-70-84, fax: (0432) 43-80-25; e-mail:
11. Location of the editorial office: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3.
12. Type of publication by purpose: agriculture and forestry, scientific production.
History of journal:

Journal History:

Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.

In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.

It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.

Listed in the updated list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on agricultural sciences under the name Agriculture and Forestry (Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine of May 16, 2016; No. 515).

Since 2015, "Agriculture and Forestry".  (archive of previous issues for 2015-2019) at http://forestry.vsau.edu.ua/.

The journal “Agriculture and Forestry (ISSN: 2707-5826)” passed the evaluation process of Index Copernicus positively and is indexed in the database of ICI Journals Master List for 2018, 2019, 2020 (international citation database).  Based on the information provided in the evaluation and analysis of journal issues for 2018, 2019, 2020 Copernicus Experts experts calculated the value of the Copernicus Index (ICV) for 2018.  ICV for 2018, 2019, 2020 is presented in the full list of indexed journals in the Master List International List 2018 https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml and in the journal passport https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/ details?

Master List International List 2019 https: id = 65401;  https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml

The ICV for 2020 is visible on the full list of indexed journals at ICI Journals Master List 2020 https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml and in Journal`s Passport https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/details?id=65401&lang=pl

According to the order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine dated 17.03.2020 № 409. The journal Agriculture and Forestry is included in the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine Category "B" in agricultural sciences (specialties) - 101, 201, 202, 203, 205, 206.

According to the order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine from 17.03.2020 № 409. Journal of Agriculture and Forestry is included in the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine Category "B" in agricultural sciences (specialties) - 101, 201, 202, 203, 205, 206.