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space SCIENTIFIC JOURNALS OF VINNITSA NATIONAL AGRARIAN UNIVERSITY

Issue №: 4 (15)

Published: 2019.12.01
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2019-3-4


Description:
Publications are devoted to the reserch of technological methods of cultivation of crops, preservation of soil fertility, through the cultivation of perennial grasses and legumes, alternatives to the marginal lands utilization, greening agricultural production, the use of selection indices for the identification of source material, reproduction.

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ECOLOGICAL AND BALANCED USE OF MARGINAL LANDS FOR GROWING ENERGY CROPS

DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2019-3-4-1
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Mazur Viktor – Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Associate Professor of the Plant Growing, Selection and Bioenergetic Cultures Department, Rector of the Vinnytsia National Agrarian University, Vice-President of ESPC Ukrainian Scientific-Educational Consortium (21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Str.3, е-mail: rector@vsau.org ).

Kravchuk Halyna – Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Ecology and Environmental Protection, Vinnytsya National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Str.3).

Honcharuk Hryhorii – Сandidate of Аgricultural  Sciences, Head of the Laboratory for the cultivation of  bioenergetic crops on low-yielding lands of the Yaltushkiv experimental and selection station of the Institute of Bioenergetic Crops and Sugar Beets of the National Academy of Agrarian Sciences of Ukraine (23021, 17, Molodizhna Str., Chereshneve, Bar district, Vinnytsia region, e-mail: goncharukgr@gmail.com).

 

Annotation

The cultivation of bioenergetic crops is one of the priority directions of work of the educational-scientific and production complex Ukrainian Scientific and Educational Consortium. The ecological and balanced use of marginal lands for growing energy crops is regarded. The limitation of land resources creates significant difficulties and sets priorities for the use of marginal lands. However, there are still large uncertainties in determining the categories and areas of marginal lands for the cultivation of biomass that require further research, definitions and discussions.  The further development of the biomass utilization should take place with proper consideration of the environmental impact and the observance of the criteria for sustainable development. The domestic experience and experience of foreign countries are analyzed. The ecological expediency of cultivating energy crops on marginal lands is highlighted. There are 8136.08 hectares of eroded and less productive lands in the region. Besides, 737,300 hectares of degraded lands require the preservation.

The radioactively contaminated soils can become a special fund for marginal lands in the Vinnytsia region. As a result of the research, it has been determined that the area in the Vinnytsia region with the radiation pollution density of 1-5 Ci/km2 is 1,944 km2, while it is 38 km2 with the density of 5-10 Ci/km2. These areas can be used for such forest energy crops as Salix viminalis, Populus berolinensis, Robinia pseudoacacia, because they have the smallest deposit of radionuclides. It is extremely important to achieve an environmental balance for the use of marginal lands, when bioenergy crops will produce biomass and compensate the lost properties of low-quality soils. The characteristics of new energy crops grown at the Yaltushkiv experimental and selection station of the Institute of Bioenergetic Crops and Sugar Beets of the National Academy of Agrarian Sciences of Ukraine, the founder of the ESPC Ukrainian Scientific-Educational Consortium are also regarded.

 

 

Keywords: marginal lands, energy crops, biofuels, phytoenergy, ESPC Ukrainian Scientific-Educational Consortium, resources, energy plantations, energy, project, biomass.

List of references

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About journal

Topics of the journal:

Topics of the Journal:

Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop production, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.

Articles on such scientific problems are accepted for printing:

Plant production, current state and prospects for development.

Agrochemistry and modern aspects of fertilizers and biologically active substances application.

Feed production, current state and prospects for development.

Selection, seed production, seed science and varieties.

Protection of plants.

Soil managment and soil quality improvement.

Forestry and gardening.

Vegetables and mushrooms, current status and development trends.

Ecology and environmental protection.

Theory and history of agricultural sciences and forestry.

Modern directions of development of arable land and forestry.

Innovative and investment activities in agriculture and forestry.

Directions and efficiency of crop production

Bioenergy resources of crop production and forestry.

Production of renewable energy from biological resources.

Organic farming, the main area of development and production of organic products.

Agriculture and modern crop rotation and soil cultivation.

Horticulture and viticulture.

Processing and storage of crop products.

Beekeeping, current status and development trends.

Contemporary biological research in crop production and forestry.

Progressive technologies of the agricultural complex.

Psychological and pedagogical problems of agrarian education.

The young scientist opinion.

 

Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.
In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.
 
Certificate of mass media state registration No. 21363-11163 Р of June 09, 2015
1. Founder (co-founder): Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
2. Type of publication: journal.
3. Publication status: domestic.
4. Title(s) of publication: Agriculture and Forestry.
5. Language(s) of the publication: Ukrainian, Russian, and English.
6. Spread: nationwide.
7. Categories of readers: students, postgraduates, scientists, employees of agroindustrial complex, state bodies of management.
8. Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop cultivation, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.
9. Estimated periodicity of issue, volume (in conventional printed sheets) and format of publication: twice a half year, 7.5-15 conventional printed sheets, format: A4.
10. Legal address of the founder: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3; telephones: (0432) 56-03-13; 35-70-84, fax: (0432) 43-80-25; e-mail:
11. Location of the editorial office: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3.
12. Type of publication by purpose: agriculture and forestry, scientific production.
History of journal:

Journal History:

Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.

In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.

It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.

Listed in the updated list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on agricultural sciences under the name Agriculture and Forestry (Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine of May 16, 2016; No. 515).