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Agriculture and forestry

space SCIENTIFIC JOURNALS OF VINNITSA NATIONAL AGRARIAN UNIVERSITY

Issue №: 1 (24)

Published: 2022.05.03
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2022-1


Description:
The issue of the magazine is devoted to the improvement of technological methods of growing crops. A special role is given to the influence of legumes on increasing soil fertility, ecology and environmental protection, methods of pest control and the introduction of ornamental plants and breeding

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DIFFERENCES IN COMMON BEAN VARIETIES WITH RESPECT TO VALUABLE ECONOMIC TRAITS

DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2022-1-4
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Mazur Oleksandr Vasyliovych – Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Plant Production, Selection and Bioenergetic Cultures, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Str., 3 е-mail: selection@vsau.vin.ua).

Stashevsky R.V. – Postgraduate student of the Department of Plant Breeding, Breeding and Bioenergy Crops of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Str. 3).

 

Annotation

As a result of this research, a number of variety varieties have been identified, which are distinguished by a set of valuable economic traits. The differences of variety samples were established by a comparative evaluation of the manifestation of traits in comparison with the standard. Among the bean varieties under study, 25 pieces were classified as early-ripening (27.8%). (27.8%), medium-early - 36.0 pcs. (40.0%), medium-ripening - 18.0 pcs. - (20%) and medium-early - 11 pcs. (12,2%). Common bean varieties with high attachment of the lower beans on the plant were identified. Among the totality of the original material submitted varieties were: UD0302930 (Ukraine) - 16.7 cm, UD0302957 (Ukraine) - 16.5 cm, UD0301502 (Ukraine) - 16.0 cm, Local 2 (Ukraine) - 15.6 cm.  Compared with the standard, only cultivars UD0302930 (Ukraine) and UD0302957 (Ukraine) significantly exceeded the standard in terms of the height of lower bean attachment.

The number of seeds per plant is a derived trait of the number of beans, so the varieties with the highest number of beans were also characterized by higher rates of seed number per plant. Consequently, UD0300411 (Romania) with 45.7 and UD0301736 with 44.2 seeds per plant were noted to have significantly exceeded the standard in this indicator. At level with the standard number of seeds per plant was found in samples UD0301043 (Turkey), Local 1 (Ukraine) - 38.9 pcs. The quantitative expression of the trait 1000 grains weight is a confirmation of the previously reported material, that in order to form the maximum expression of the trait in grain legume crops, including common bean, parental forms are included in hybridization for the expression of yield structure elements slightly above the average in the whole sample. That is, the varieties that stood out both in the number of beans per   plant   and   the number of seeds per plant were inferior to other samples, in which the number of beans and the number of seeds per plant were lower. The highest mass of 1000 grains was characterized by the variety samples UD0300227 (USA) - 248.3 g, UD0300782 (Ukraine) - 221.2 g, Local 1 (Ukraine) - 224.3 g, UD0303753 ) - 214.3 g, UD0301736 - 208.3 g. In terms of yield as well as grain productivity, the following varieties stood out: UD0300227 (USA) - 402 g, UD0301736 - 405 g, UD0300411 (Romania) - 391 g, Local 1 (Ukraine) - 3 (4) g, which exceeded the standard at a significant level.

 

Keywords: common beans, growing season duration, bean attachment height, grain productivity.

List of references

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About journal

Topics of the journal:

Topics of the Journal:

Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop production, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.

Articles on such scientific problems are accepted for printing:

Plant production, current state and prospects for development.

Agrochemistry and modern aspects of fertilizers and biologically active substances application.

Feed production, current state and prospects for development.

Selection, seed production, seed science and varieties.

Protection of plants.

Soil managment and soil quality improvement.

Forestry and gardening.

Vegetables and mushrooms, current status and development trends.

Ecology and environmental protection.

Theory and history of agricultural sciences and forestry.

Modern directions of development of arable land and forestry.

Innovative and investment activities in agriculture and forestry.

Directions and efficiency of crop production

Bioenergy resources of crop production and forestry.

Production of renewable energy from biological resources.

Organic farming, the main area of development and production of organic products.

Agriculture and modern crop rotation and soil cultivation.

Horticulture and viticulture.

Processing and storage of crop products.

Beekeeping, current status and development trends.

Contemporary biological research in crop production and forestry.

Progressive technologies of the agricultural complex.

Psychological and pedagogical problems of agrarian education.

The young scientist opinion.

 

Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.
In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.
 
Certificate of mass media state registration No. 21363-11163 Р of June 09, 2015
1. Founder (co-founder): Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
2. Type of publication: journal.
3. Publication status: domestic.
4. Title(s) of publication: Agriculture and Forestry.
5. Language(s) of the publication: Ukrainian and English.
6. Spread: nationwide.
7. Categories of readers: students, postgraduates, scientists, employees of agroindustrial complex, state bodies of management.
8. Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop cultivation, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.
9. Estimated periodicity of issue, volume (in conventional printed sheets) and format of publication: twice a half year, 7.5-15 conventional printed sheets, format: A4.
10. Legal address of the founder: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3; telephones: (0432) 56-03-13; 35-70-84, fax: (0432) 43-80-25; e-mail:
11. Location of the editorial office: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3.
12. Type of publication by purpose: agriculture and forestry, scientific production.
History of journal:

Journal History:

Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.

In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.

It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.

Listed in the updated list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on agricultural sciences under the name Agriculture and Forestry (Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine of May 16, 2016; No. 515).

Since 2015, "Agriculture and Forestry".  (archive of previous issues for 2015-2019) at http://forestry.vsau.edu.ua/.

The journal “Agriculture and Forestry (ISSN: 2707-5826)” passed the evaluation process of Index Copernicus positively and is indexed in the database of ICI Journals Master List for 2018, 2019, 2020 (international citation database).  Based on the information provided in the evaluation and analysis of journal issues for 2018, 2019, 2020 Copernicus Experts experts calculated the value of the Copernicus Index (ICV) for 2018.  ICV for 2018, 2019, 2020 is presented in the full list of indexed journals in the Master List International List 2018 https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml and in the journal passport https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/ details?

Master List International List 2019 https: id = 65401;  https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml

The ICV for 2020 is visible on the full list of indexed journals at ICI Journals Master List 2020 https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml and in Journal`s Passport https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/details?id=65401&lang=pl

According to the order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine dated 17.03.2020 № 409. The journal Agriculture and Forestry is included in the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine Category "B" in agricultural sciences (specialties) - 101, 201, 202, 203, 205, 206.

According to the order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine from 17.03.2020 № 409. Journal of Agriculture and Forestry is included in the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine Category "B" in agricultural sciences (specialties) - 101, 201, 202, 203, 205, 206.