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space SCIENTIFIC JOURNALS OF VINNITSA NATIONAL AGRARIAN UNIVERSITY

Issue №: 4 (15)

Published: 2019.12.01
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2019-3-4


Description:
Publications are devoted to the reserch of technological methods of cultivation of crops, preservation of soil fertility, through the cultivation of perennial grasses and legumes, alternatives to the marginal lands utilization, greening agricultural production, the use of selection indices for the identification of source material, reproduction.

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CONTROL OF THE NUMBER OF THE MAJOR PESTS OF THE PEA SEEDS

DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2019-3-4-11
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Pinchuk Nataliia  – Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Botany, Genetics and Plant Protection, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Str.3, e-mail: pnv@vsau.vin.ua).

Verheles Pavlo – Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Botany, Genetics and Plant Protection, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Str. 3, е-mail: pasha425@vsau.vin.ua).

Kovalenko Tetiana – Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Botany, Genetics and Plant Protection, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Str. 3, е-mail: ktm@vsau.vin.ua).

Rudska Nina – Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Senior Lecturer of the Department of Botany, Genetics and Plant Protection, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Str. 3, e-mail: ruds@vsau.vin.ua).

 

 

Annotation

   One of the leading places among leguminous crops in Ukraine belongs to peas. This is due to its ability to produce fairly high and stable crops in a short growing season. Grain contains from 16 to 36% protein, up to 54% carbohydrates, about 1.6% fat, more than 3% ash. Pea protein is a complete amino acid composition and is 1.6 times better absorbed than wheat protein.

To a large extent, the limiting factor for increasing the yield of pea seeds are numerous pests. Thus, in the pea field agrobiocenosis, up to 80 species of insects are trophically associated with this crop. However, the greatest damage is caused by specialized species that have evolved to feed on legumes during evolution: nodule weevils belonging to the genus Sitona Gern., Etiella zinckenella Tr., Laspeyresia nigricana F., Bruchus pisorum L. and Contarinia pisi Winn. Modern technologies for growing peas are based on the optimal use of the potential of varieties, a rational plant nutrition system and crop protection systems. An important aspect of integrated crop protection is the use of pesticides, which, if appropriate and effective, guarantee the reduction of harmful organisms. However, when growing certain types of products, their use is limited by sanitary and hygienic standards. These include raw materials for baby food, products used in food in green form, including green peas. This article confirms the feasibility and effectiveness of using modern insecticides based on bioagents and chemicals compared to variants where insecticide treatment has not been carried out.

The best results were obtained with the use of chemical-based insecticides, in particular Enzhio 247 SC (0.18 l / ha) provided the highest yield of seeds, 2.92 t / ha, the value of the stored crop was 0.51 t / ha, and the level of profitability was 106.4%, which is 27.7% higher than the control variant . The use of the drug Connect, SC (0.4 l / ha) provided a crop yield of 0.06 t / ha lower, and the value of the stored crop was 0.45 t / ha, with a profitability level of 104.4%. When using insecticides based on microorganisms, the effect was observed, but much weaker.

 

 

Keywords: peas, pests, insecticides, efficiency.

List of references

1.Boiko V.I. (2008). Ekonomika vyrobnytstva zerna (z osnovamy orhanizatsii i tekhnolohii vyrobnytstva). [Grain production economics (with the basics of production organization and technology)]. Kyiv. [in Ukrainian].

2.Didur I.M., Zaharchuk V.V. (2016). Vplyv elementiv tekhnolohii vyroshchuvannia na vrozhaini pokaznyky zerna horokhu. [Influence of elements of technology of cultivation on yield indicators of grain of peas] Zbirnyk naukovykh prats VNAU – Collection of scientific works of VNAU. 4. 56-62 [in Ukrainian].

3.Didur I.M., Zaharchuk V.V. (2016). Vplyv inokuliatsii nasinnia na urozhainist sortiv horokhu v umovakh Lisostepu Pravoberezhnoho. [Influence of seed inoculation on the yield of pea varieties in the conditions of the Right-bank Forest Steppe]. Zbirnyk naukovykh prats VNAU – Collection of scientific works of VNAU. № 6 (2). 6-16 [in Ukrainian].

4.Dospehov B.A. (1985). Metodika polevogo opyta (s osnovami statisticheskoj obrabotki rezultatov issledovanij) [Field experience methodology (with basics of statistical processing of research results)]. M. [in Russian].

5.Knechunas S.V. (2007). Efektyvnist insektytsydiv proty fitofahiv horokhu. [Efficacy of insecticides against pea phytophages]. Zakhyst i karantyn roslyn. – Plant Protection and Quarantine K. 53.  70-75. [in Ukrainian].

6.Sabluk P.T. (2008). Tekhnolohii vyroshchuvannia zernovykh i tekhnichnykh kultur v umovakh Lisostepu Ukrainy [Technologies for growing cereals and industrial crops in the conditions of the Forest-Steppe of Ukraine]. K. [in Ukrainian].

7.Telekalo N.V. (2017). Vplyv ekolohichnykh faktoriv na rist ta rozvytok intensyvnykh sortiv horokhu posivnoho [The influence of technological methods of growing peas on soil nitrogen]. Zbirnyk naukovykh prats VNAU – Collection of scientific works of VNAU). Vol.1. 97-102. [in Ukrainian].

8.Telekalo N.V. (2017). Vplyv ekolohichnykh faktoriv na rist ta rozvytok intensyvnykh sortiv horokhu posivnoho [The influence of environmental factors on the growth and development of intensive varieties of pea]. Zbirnyk naukovykh prats VNAU – Collection of scientific works of VNAU. 6  Vol.1.  241-247. [in Ukrainian].

9.Tribel S.O. Retman S.V., Borzih O. I., Strigun O.O. (2012). Strategichni kulturi [Strategic crops]. K. [in Ukrainian]

10.Fedorenko V.P. (2009). Shkidlyvist horokhovoho zernoida v umovakh Tsentralnoho Lisostepu Ukrainy ta obgruntuvannia strokiv vykonannia zakhysnykh zakhodiv [Harmfulness of pea kernels in the conditions of the Central Forest-Steppe of Ukraine and justification of the terms of implementation of protective measures.]. Karantin i zahist roslin (Quarantine and plant protection).  8–9. [in Ukrainian]

11.Shkatula Yu.M., Palamarchuk A.V. (2017). Produktyvnist horokhu v zalezhnosti vid ahrotekhnichnykh ta khimichnykh zakhodiv [Pea productivity depending on agro-technical and chemical measures]. Zbirnyk naukovykh prats VNAU  –Collection of scientific works of VNAU. 5. 215-223. [in Ukrainian].

12.Shushkivska N.I. (2011) Osnovni shkidnyky horokhu [The main pests of peas]. Karantyn i zakhyst roslyn – Quarantine and plant protection. 3. 12–13 [in Ukrainian].

 

 

All journal issues

About journal

Topics of the journal:

Topics of the Journal:

Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop production, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.

Articles on such scientific problems are accepted for printing:

Plant production, current state and prospects for development.

Agrochemistry and modern aspects of fertilizers and biologically active substances application.

Feed production, current state and prospects for development.

Selection, seed production, seed science and varieties.

Protection of plants.

Soil managment and soil quality improvement.

Forestry and gardening.

Vegetables and mushrooms, current status and development trends.

Ecology and environmental protection.

Theory and history of agricultural sciences and forestry.

Modern directions of development of arable land and forestry.

Innovative and investment activities in agriculture and forestry.

Directions and efficiency of crop production

Bioenergy resources of crop production and forestry.

Production of renewable energy from biological resources.

Organic farming, the main area of development and production of organic products.

Agriculture and modern crop rotation and soil cultivation.

Horticulture and viticulture.

Processing and storage of crop products.

Beekeeping, current status and development trends.

Contemporary biological research in crop production and forestry.

Progressive technologies of the agricultural complex.

Psychological and pedagogical problems of agrarian education.

The young scientist opinion.

 

Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.
In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.
 
Certificate of mass media state registration No. 21363-11163 Р of June 09, 2015
1. Founder (co-founder): Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
2. Type of publication: journal.
3. Publication status: domestic.
4. Title(s) of publication: Agriculture and Forestry.
5. Language(s) of the publication: Ukrainian, Russian, and English.
6. Spread: nationwide.
7. Categories of readers: students, postgraduates, scientists, employees of agroindustrial complex, state bodies of management.
8. Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop cultivation, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.
9. Estimated periodicity of issue, volume (in conventional printed sheets) and format of publication: twice a half year, 7.5-15 conventional printed sheets, format: A4.
10. Legal address of the founder: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3; telephones: (0432) 56-03-13; 35-70-84, fax: (0432) 43-80-25; e-mail:
11. Location of the editorial office: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3.
12. Type of publication by purpose: agriculture and forestry, scientific production.
History of journal:

Journal History:

Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.

In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.

It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.

Listed in the updated list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on agricultural sciences under the name Agriculture and Forestry (Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine of May 16, 2016; No. 515).