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Сільське господарство та лісівництво

space SCIENTIFIC JOURNALS OF VINNITSA NATIONAL AGRARIAN UNIVERSITY

Issue №: 1 (16)

Published: 2020.05.28
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2020-1


Description:
Випуск журнала присвячено вивченню оптимізації технологічних прийомів вирощування сільськогосподарських культур. Особливу роль відведено впливу бобових культур на покращення родючості грунту, адаптивній селекції, інтродукції малопоширених декоративних видів, екології та охорони навколишнього середовища, зокрема, впливу хімізації на забруднення грунту та зернової продукції пестицидами, методам боротьби із шкодочинними об'єктами.

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COMPARATIVE EVALUATION OF QUALITY PROPERTIES OF WINTER RAPESEED DEPENDING ON THE LEVEL OF FERTILIZERS AND SOWING DATE

DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2020-1-8
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Matsera Olha – assistant at the chair of Cultivation, Soil Science and Agrochemistry, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, Sonniachna St., 5. e-mail: matsera.olga.vnau@gmail.com).

Annotation

It is made the comparison estimation of winter rapeseed quality properties depending on the fertilization level and sowing date in this article. The literature on the research problem is elaborated; there are presented the study importance and relevance of growing technology elements influence on the quality properties of winter rapeseed seeds. It is analyzed the results of sowing periods and different rates of mineral fertilizers influence on the quality indicators of winter rapeseed seeds under the conditions of Right-Bank Forest-Steppe in Ukraine. Significant influence of the studied elements of technology on the main indicators of seed quality was noted; it was found that the change in the yield level obtained by the hybrids led to a change in the oil quality indices. Four the most important oil quality indicators were analyzed in this article. They are: acid value, glucosinolates amount, oil and protein contents. They were affected by different fertilizer rates and sowing dates, which were the experiment conditions. So, the lowest acid value – 1.08 provided hybrid Excel, when fertilizer rate was N240P120K24; when sowing dates were analyzed, the lowest indicator – 1.24 was obtained by Exagon hybrid in the first sowing date – 10th of Aug. the correlation between acid value and rapeseed yield was negative and oscillated from r = - 0.9327 to r = - 0.9843; the magnitude of the approximation reliability oscillated in the range of R2 = 0.87 – 0.97, which evidence the strong dependence between indicators. The lowest content of glucosinolates – 12.51 μmol / g had Excel hybrid under the conditions without fertilizers; when sowing dates were analyzed, the lowest indicator 15.06 μmol / g was obtained by Exagon hybrid in the first sowing date – 10th of Aug. The highest oil content had Excel hybrid – 46.27%, it was obtained in variant of N240P120K240. The protein content of each hybrid was increasing with fertilizer rates expansion. So, the highest indicator of it was obtained in the variant where N240P120K240 was used and it was Exagon – 22.10%. The highest protein content – 21.13% was obtained by Excel hybrid in the second sowing date – the 21st of Aug. when sowing dates were analyzed, and the highest oil content – 46.75% were obtained by Excel hybrid in the third sowing date – 5th of Sept.

Keywords: winter rapeseed, sowing dates, fertilizers, acid value, glucosinolates amount, oil and protein contents.

List of references

1.Beres J., Becka D., Tomasek J., Vasak J. (2019): Effect of autumn nitrogen fertilization on winter oilseed rape growth and yield parameters. Plant Soil Environ., 65: 435-441. URL: https://doi.org/10.17221/444/2019-PSE [in English].

2.Jankowski K.J., Sokólski M., Szatkowski A. (2019). The Effect of Autumn Foliar Fertilization on the Yield and Quality of Winter Oilseed Rape Seeds. Agronomy. 9, 849. URL: https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy9120849 [in English].

3.Gugała M. Sikorska A. Zarzecka K. (2020). The Effect of Fertilization with Sulphur, Boron, and Amino Acids on the Content of Glucosinolate in Winter Rape Seeds. Agronomy. 10, 519. URL: https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy10040519 [in English].

4.Rozhgar Mustafa Ahmed. (2018). Oil Percent and Unsaturated Fatty Acid Response of Rapeseed Cultivars to Nitrogen and Phosphorus Fertilizers in Two Different Sowing Date.: Tikrit Journal for Agricultural Sciences. Vol. 18 No. 4, 29-38 [in English].

5.Jarecki W., Buczek J., Bobrecka-Jamro D. (2019): The response of winter oilseed rape to diverse foliar fertilization. Plant Soil Environ., 65: 125-130. URL: https://doi.org/10.17221/5/2019-PSE [in English].

6.Mária Vicianová, Ladislav Ducsay, Pavel Ryant, Marek Provazník, Alexandra Zapletalová, Marek Slepèan (2020). Oilseed Rape (Brassica Napus L.) Nutrition by Nitrogen and Phosphorus and its Effect on Yield of Seed, Oil and Higher Fatty Acids Content. Acta Univ. Agric. Silvic. Mendelianae Brun. 68, 129-136. URL: https://doi.org/10.11118/actaun202068010129 [in English].

7.Emilie Poisson, Jacques Trouverie, S. Brunel-Muguet, Yacine Akmouche, Célia Pontet, Xavier Pinochet3 and Jean-Christophe Avice (2019). Seed yield components and seed quality of oilseed rape are impacted by sulfur fertilization and its interactions with nitrogen fertilization. Frontiers in plant science., Vol. 10. 1-14. URL: https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2019.00458 [in English].

8.Edmund T. Tetteh, Jason P. de Koff, Bharat Pokharel, Richard Link, and Chris Robbins (2019). Effect of winter canola cultivar on seed yield, oil, and protein content. Agronomy Journal. Vol. III, Issue 6, 2811-2810. URL: doi:10.2134/agronj2018.08.0494 [in English].

9.Matsera O. (2019). The economic evaluation of winter rapeseed growing depending the technology elements. Collection of scientific works of VNAU. Series: Agriculture and Forestry, 14. P. 106-117. URL: doi: 10.37128/2707-5826-2019-3-9 [in Ukrainian].

10.Dospehov B. A. (1985). Methods of field experience (with basics of statistical processing of research results) 3rd ed., Revised. and ext. Moscow: Colossus [in Russian]

11.Mazur V. A., Matsera O. O. (2019). The analysis of quality indicators changes of winter rapeseeds depending on the sowing time and system of fertilization. . Collection of scientific works of VNAU. Series: Agriculture and Forestry, 12. P. 5-17. [in Ukrainian]

12.Fahey JW, Zalcmann AT, Talalay P. (2001). The chemical diversity and distribution of glucosinolates and isothiocyanates among plants. Phytochemistry 56:5–51. URL: doi:10.1016/S0031-9422(00)00316-2 [in English]

13.Agerbirk N, Olsen CE. (2012). Glucosinolate structures in evolution. Phytochemistry 77:16–45. URL: doi:10.1016/j.phytochem.2012.02.005 [in English].

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About journal

Topics of the journal:

Topics of the Journal:

Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop production, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.

Articles on such scientific problems are accepted for printing:

Plant production, current state and prospects for development.

Agrochemistry and modern aspects of fertilizers and biologically active substances application.

Feed production, current state and prospects for development.

Selection, seed production, seed science and varieties.

Protection of plants.

Soil managment and soil quality improvement.

Forestry and gardening.

Vegetables and mushrooms, current status and development trends.

Ecology and environmental protection.

Theory and history of agricultural sciences and forestry.

Modern directions of development of arable land and forestry.

Innovative and investment activities in agriculture and forestry.

Directions and efficiency of crop production

Bioenergy resources of crop production and forestry.

Production of renewable energy from biological resources.

Organic farming, the main area of development and production of organic products.

Agriculture and modern crop rotation and soil cultivation.

Horticulture and viticulture.

Processing and storage of crop products.

Beekeeping, current status and development trends.

Contemporary biological research in crop production and forestry.

Progressive technologies of the agricultural complex.

Psychological and pedagogical problems of agrarian education.

The young scientist opinion.

 

Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.
In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.
 
Certificate of mass media state registration No. 21363-11163 Р of June 09, 2015
1. Founder (co-founder): Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
2. Type of publication: journal.
3. Publication status: domestic.
4. Title(s) of publication: Agriculture and Forestry.
5. Language(s) of the publication: Ukrainian, Russian, and English.
6. Spread: nationwide.
7. Categories of readers: students, postgraduates, scientists, employees of agroindustrial complex, state bodies of management.
8. Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop cultivation, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.
9. Estimated periodicity of issue, volume (in conventional printed sheets) and format of publication: twice a half year, 7.5-15 conventional printed sheets, format: A4.
10. Legal address of the founder: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3; telephones: (0432) 56-03-13; 35-70-84, fax: (0432) 43-80-25; e-mail:
11. Location of the editorial office: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3.
12. Type of publication by purpose: agriculture and forestry, scientific production.
History of journal:

Journal History:

Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.

In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.

It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.

Listed in the updated list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on agricultural sciences under the name Agriculture and Forestry (Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine of May 16, 2016; No. 515).