CLASSIFICATION OF WATER-BOGGY AREAS OF ECONOMIC SIGNIFICANCE OF SHATSK NATIONAL NATURAL PARK
Klymenko Mykola Oleksandrovych – Ph. D. of agricultural sciences, professor, Head of the Department of Ecology, Environmental Protection Technology and Forestry of National University of Water Management and Nature Resources (Karnaukhova Street 53а, Rivne, 33028, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. ua).
Klymenko Oleksandr Mykolayovych – Ph. D. of agricultural sciences, professor of National University of Water Management and Nature Resources (Karnaukhova Street 53а, Rivne, 33028, e-mail: email@example.com).
Kovalchuk Serhii Volodymyrovych – graduate student of Water Management and Nature Resources (Karnaukhova Street 53а, Rivne, 33028).
The article is devoted to substantiation of approaches and development of classification of wetlands on the example of the territory of Shatsk National Nature Park. Wetlands perform functions related to the hydrological, biochemical processes that take place in them, and provide habitats for fauna and flora, as well as produce agricultural products and provide biocorridors between isolated objects of nature reserves, separate ecosystems that support biodiversity are used as objects for training and recreation. The highest hierarchical level has the function of maintaining the ecological stability of wetlands, which includes all processes, including the contradictory ones that take place in them. at the internal, local, regional, global levels. To maintain the ecological stability of wetlands at all levels, it is necessary to conduct an inventory of them, the purpose of which is to collect information about their location, area, types, subtypes, conditions, condition, use and values. The obtained information serves as a basis for substantiation and development of the methodology of classification of wetlands of Ukraine. Classification of water-boggy areas of economic significance has to become the base for building up enlarged impartial informational basis of data for the state of surroundings and its use with the aim to preserve biological and genetic variety, nature protection, scientific investigation and studies. Considering the requirements of Ramsar convention there new methodological approaches were suggested in the classification of water-boggy areas of economic significance which provides with the formation of their multilevel classification distinguishing them according to: the types – by their origin, subtypes – by the functions they fulfill, classes – by their mission, subclasses – by their functioning. Suggested classification of water-boggy areas of economic significance envisages the division into two types: natural that includes three subtypes and seven classes, artificial which includes two types and seven classes.
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