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Сільське господарство та лісівництво

space SCIENTIFIC JOURNALS OF VINNITSA NATIONAL AGRARIAN UNIVERSITY

Issue №: 3 (18)

Published: 2020.11.29
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2020-3


Description:
Випуск журнала присвячено вивченню оптимізації технологічних прийомів вирощування сільськогосподарських культур. Особливу роль відведено впливу бобових культур на покращення родючості грунту, адаптивній селекції, особливостей вирощування овочевих культур, екології та охорони навколишнього середовища, методам боротьби із шкодочинними об'єктами, інтродукції декоративних рослин.

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CHARACTERISTICS OF DAHLIA CAV. VARIETIES RESEARCHED UNDER CONDITIONS OF THE EXPOSITION AREA OF VINNYTSIA NATIONAL AGRARIAN UNIVERSITY

DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2020-3-12
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Tsyhanska Olena – candidate of agricultural sciences, senior lecturer of the department of landscape management, forestry, horticulture and viniculture of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Str. 3, e-mail: lenkatsiganskaya@gmail.com).

Annotation

The results of studies on the use of decorative ornamental plants of flower and ornamental plants Dahlia Cav. in Vinnytsia Region at their level of adaptation to growing conditions have been presented. The assessment of the collection of the genus Dahlia Cav. at the exposition site of the Vinnitsa National Agrarian University, it has been determined that the collection is dominated by varieties of individual garden groups such as cactus, nymphae and decorative. In order to expand and replenish the collection of the genus Dahlia Cav the exhibition area VNAU conducted a selection of varieties that are representative of a set of indicators such as plant height, shape and size of inflorescences among the dahlia assortment. Dahlias   are   easy   to  grow  and  bring life to your garden with their intense color,strength, and ability to keep flowering until the first frosts. Dahlias like well-balanced and composted soil, and full sun. With 42 different species and thousands of cultivars, dahlias offer plenty of variety. Variations in color, flower form, size, and foliage make it easy to find one you'll love. The rich variety of their flower colors shapes and sizes added to their extensive blooming season, have turned dahlias into popular addition to our landscapes. There are thousands of varieties of dahlias and they are all classified by the shape, size and color of their flowers. Flowers can be very small in diameter. They offer an impressive range of colors such as pink, purple, red, scarlet, orange, yellow, white and can be stripped or tipped with another color. They can be single-flowering (orchid-flowering, anemone and collarettes) or double flowering (cactus, semi-cactus, formal or informal decorative dahlias, ball and pompons). Dahlias have wide height range.

There are many different ways to use dahlias in the garden. Shorter dahlias mix well with annuals or shorter perennials, while taller varieties will grow well with perennials and ornamental grasses toward the rear or center of borders. Their lower stems tend to be unattractive and the plants are heavy (especially the large flowered dinnerplate types); so without staking, they tend to flop. Plant the smallest varieties in containers. Dahlia flowers are brightly colored. They can also look surprisingly good with grasses, as the contrast is total-big bright flowers against finely textured grasses. Good cutting dahlias tend to be the larger varieties because of their longer stems.

 

Keywords: dahlias, collection, garden group, flowering, container culture

List of references

1.Doroshenko A. S., Dzhurenko N.I., Palamarchuk O.P., Koval I.V. (2012). Doslidzhennya predstavnykiv rodu dahlia сav. u nacionalnomu botanichnomu sadu im. M. M. Gryshka NAN Ukrayiny. [Studies of the genus Dahlia sav.  in the National Botanical Garden.  MM Grishko NAS of Ukraine].Visti Biosfernogo zapovidnyka «Askaniya-Nova» − News of the Askania-Nova Biosphere Reserve.  K., № 14. 504-507. [In Ukrainian].

2.Dudyk F. S. (1959). Kultura zhorzhyny [Dahlia culture]. K.: Vyd-vo AN URSR, [In Ukrainian].

3.Laptyev O.O. (2001). Introdukciya ta aklimatyzaciya roslyn z osnovamy ozelenennya [Introduction and acclimatization of plants with basics of landscaping]. K.: Fitosociocentr. [In Ukrainian].

4.Moiseychenko V.F. (1992). Osnovy nauchnykh issledovaniy v tsvetovodstve [Fundamentals of scientific research in floriculture]. K.: Izd. USKhA. [In Russian].

5.Muzychuk G. M., Doroshenko A. S. (2004). Pervynna ocinka sortovogo riznomanittya kolekcijnogo fondu rodu Dahlia Cav. Nacionalnogo botanichnogo sadu im. M. M. Gryshka NAN Ukrayiny [Initial assessment of varietal diversity of the collection fund of the genus Dahlia Cav.  National Botanical Garden.  MM Grishko NAS of Ukraine]. Visnyk Lvivskogo universytetu. Seriya biologichna. – Bulletin of Lviv University.  The series is biological.  № 36. 24–30. [In Ukrainian].

6.Muzychuk G.M. (1999). Analiz struktury, pryncypy klasyfikaciyi i ocinky kolekcjnyx - fondiv kulturnyx roslyn [Analysis of the structure, principles of classification and evaluation of collection - funds of cultivated plants]. Introdukciya i aklimatyzaciya roslyn – Introduction and acclimatization of plants. № 3-4.  3-7. [In Ukrainian].

7.Prokopchuk V.M., Tsyhanska O.I., Matusiak M.V. (2019). Perspektyva vykorystannia rodu Dahlia Cav. v umovakh Podillia [The prospect of using the genus Dahlia   Cav.     In    the    conditions   of   Podillya].  Zbirnyk   naukovykh   prats VNAU. Silske hospodarstvo i lisivnytstvo – Collection of scientific works of VNAU.              Agriculture and forestry.  № 12. 154-162. [In Ukrainian].

8.Yashchenko N. P. (1985). Georginy. Klasifikatsiya  [Georgina.  Classification]. Tsvetovodstvo − Floriculture.  № 6. 12-21. [In Russian].

 

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About journal

Topics of the journal:

Topics of the Journal:

Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop production, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.

Articles on such scientific problems are accepted for printing:

Plant production, current state and prospects for development.

Agrochemistry and modern aspects of fertilizers and biologically active substances application.

Feed production, current state and prospects for development.

Selection, seed production, seed science and varieties.

Protection of plants.

Soil managment and soil quality improvement.

Forestry and gardening.

Vegetables and mushrooms, current status and development trends.

Ecology and environmental protection.

Theory and history of agricultural sciences and forestry.

Modern directions of development of arable land and forestry.

Innovative and investment activities in agriculture and forestry.

Directions and efficiency of crop production

Bioenergy resources of crop production and forestry.

Production of renewable energy from biological resources.

Organic farming, the main area of development and production of organic products.

Agriculture and modern crop rotation and soil cultivation.

Horticulture and viticulture.

Processing and storage of crop products.

Beekeeping, current status and development trends.

Contemporary biological research in crop production and forestry.

Progressive technologies of the agricultural complex.

Psychological and pedagogical problems of agrarian education.

The young scientist opinion.

 

Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.
In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.
 
Certificate of mass media state registration No. 21363-11163 Р of June 09, 2015
1. Founder (co-founder): Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
2. Type of publication: journal.
3. Publication status: domestic.
4. Title(s) of publication: Agriculture and Forestry.
5. Language(s) of the publication: Ukrainian, Russian, and English.
6. Spread: nationwide.
7. Categories of readers: students, postgraduates, scientists, employees of agroindustrial complex, state bodies of management.
8. Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop cultivation, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.
9. Estimated periodicity of issue, volume (in conventional printed sheets) and format of publication: twice a half year, 7.5-15 conventional printed sheets, format: A4.
10. Legal address of the founder: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3; telephones: (0432) 56-03-13; 35-70-84, fax: (0432) 43-80-25; e-mail:
11. Location of the editorial office: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3.
12. Type of publication by purpose: agriculture and forestry, scientific production.
History of journal:

Journal History:

Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.

In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.

It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.

Listed in the updated list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on agricultural sciences under the name Agriculture and Forestry (Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine of May 16, 2016; No. 515).