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space SCIENTIFIC JOURNALS OF VINNITSA NATIONAL AGRARIAN UNIVERSITY

Issue №: 4 (15)

Published: 2019.12.01
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2019-3-4


Description:
Publications are devoted to the reserch of technological methods of cultivation of crops, preservation of soil fertility, through the cultivation of perennial grasses and legumes, alternatives to the marginal lands utilization, greening agricultural production, the use of selection indices for the identification of source material, reproduction.

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CHANGES IN HEAVY METALS CONTENT IN WINTER WHEAT GRAIN AND FLOUR UNDER RIGHT-BANK FOREST-STEPPE CONDITIONS

DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2019-3-4-18
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Yakovets Liudmyla – assistant, Department of Botany, Genetics and Plant Protection of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University, (21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Str. 3, e.mail: ludmila28334@gmail.com).

Annotation

Wheat is one of the main energy sources for humans on Earth. Its value is constantly growing, because it’s a useful and economically viable food crop that can be grown under fairly wide and varied conditions.

A significant amount of flour is produced and consumed all over the world, especially wheat flour. Wheat flour is an important product of world trade and it’s important for human nutrition. Nowadays, great attention is paid to the quality and expansion of the range of its products, due to the fact that successful promotion of the product on the consumer market and its ability to compete with similar products of other manufacturers depend on above-mentioned things. Equally important is the fact that the milling industry purpose is reoriented: it’s important to create a product that would not only feed a person but also be of maximum benefit and quality for the consumer. 

The article presents data on the contamination with heavy metals of winter wheat grain grown under intensive farming conditions. The decrease in heavy metals content during grinding of winter wheat grain into different fractions of flour: high- grade, first-grade, second-grade and bran was investigated. According to the results of the conducted research it was established that grinding of winter wheat grain into different fractions of flour allows to reduce the lead content in high-grade flour by 71,8 %, first-grade flour – by 51,5 %,compared to the lead content in grain; cadmium content in high-grade flour decreases by 75,0 %, first-grade – by 50,0 %, second-grade –  by 25,0 %, but increases in bran by 60,0% compared to the cadmium content in grain; the copper content in high-grade flour is 72,0 % lower, first-grade flour –  52,0 % lower, second-grade flour –  47,4 % lower, but at the same time higher in bran by 50,7%, compared to the copper content in grain; zinc content in high-grade flour decreases by 95,9 %, first-grade flour –  by 54,6 %, second-grade flour – by 51,7 %, but at the same time increases in bran by 68,2 %, compared to zinc content in winter wheat grain.

 

 

Keywords: grain, winter wheat, flour, contamination, heavy metals.

List of references

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2.Deynichenko G.V., Kolysnychenko T.O. (2003). Doslidzhennya protsesu fermentatyvnoho hidrolizu bilka boroshnyanykh formovanykh vyrobiv. Obladnannya ta tekhnolohiyi kharchovykh vyrobnytstv [Investigation of the process of fermentative hydrolysis of protein of flour molded products. Equipment and technology of food production]. Zbirnyk naukovykh pratsʹ DonDUET – Collection of scientific works DonDUET. 9. 168-172. [in Ukrainian].

3.Dubin A.A., Ovchinnikova I.F., Petrіv V.O. (2012). Vyznachennya vmistu vazhkykh metaliv u vynohradnomu vyni «Kahor» vitchyznyanoho vyrobnytstva. [Determination of the content of heavy metals in the grape wine "Cahors" of domestic production.]. Prohresyvni tekhnika ta tekhnolohiyi kharchovykh vyrobnytstv restorannoho hospodarstva i torhivli – Progressive technology and technologies of food production of restaurant industry and trade. 1 (15). 224-229. [in Ukrainian].

4.Dubinina A. A. (2005). Tovaroznavchi aspekty pidvyshchennya bezpeky kharchovykh produktiv [Commodity-related aspects of increasing the safety of food products]: monograph. Kharkiv: KhDUHT. [in Ukrainian].

5.Babiy V. F. (2004). Kantserohennyy ryzyk zabrudnennya navkolyshnʹoho seredovyshcha priorytetnymy khimichnymy spolukamy ta zakhody pervynnoyi profilaktyky [Carcinogenic risk of pollution of the environment by priority chemical compounds and measures of primary prevention]: author's abstract. dis… Dr. Honey Sciences. VF Babiy. [in Ukrainian].

6.Tkachuk O.P. (2016). Vplyv kontsentratsiyi svyntsyu na zminu ekoloho-ahrokhimichnykh pokaznykiv hruntu [Influence of lead concentration on change of ecological and agrochemical indices of soil]. Zbirnyk naukovykh pratsʹ VNAU. Silske gospodarstvo ta lisivnycztvo – Collection of scientific works. Agriculture and forestry. 3. 217‒225. [in Ukrainian].

7.Razanov S.F. (2012). Znyzhennya vazhkykh metaliv v roslynakh ta zhyvykh orhanizmakh [Reduction of heavy metals in plants and living organisms]. Zbirnyk 

naukovykh pratsʹ VNAU. Silske gospodarstvo ta lisivnycztvo – Collection of scientific works. Agriculture and forestry. 75-79. [in Ukrainian].

8.Musienko, MM, Parshikova, T.V., Batsmanova, L.M. (2006). Fiziolohiya roslyn [Plant physiology]. Textbook. Vinnitsa: The New Book. [in Ukrainian].

9.Yegorova T.M. (2014). Ekoloho-heokhimichni protsesy mihratsiyi tsynku v ahrolandshaftakh Ukrayiny [Ecological and geochemical processes of zinc migration in agrolandscapes of Ukraine]. Ahrekolohichnyy zhurnal – Agrologological journal. 3. 14‒22. [in Ukrainian].

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11.Razanov S.F., Tkachuk O.P. (2017). Intensyvna khimizatsiya zemlerobstva – yak peredumova zabrudnennya zernovoyi produktsiyi vazhkymy metalamy [Intensive chemistry of agriculture – as a precondition for contamination of grain products by heavy metals]. Tekhnolohiya vyrobnytstva i pererobky produktsiyi tvarynnytstva – Technology of production and processing of livestock products. 1 (134). 66‒71. [in Ukrainian].

12.Podpryatov G.I., Yashchuk N.O. (2012) Shcho formuye khlibopekarsʹku prydatnistʹ boroshna [That forms the baking quality of flour]. Prodovolʹcha industriya APK – Food industry of agroindustrial complex. 2, part 1. 70‒72. [in Ukrainian].

 

 

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About journal

Topics of the journal:

Topics of the Journal:

Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop production, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.

Articles on such scientific problems are accepted for printing:

Plant production, current state and prospects for development.

Agrochemistry and modern aspects of fertilizers and biologically active substances application.

Feed production, current state and prospects for development.

Selection, seed production, seed science and varieties.

Protection of plants.

Soil managment and soil quality improvement.

Forestry and gardening.

Vegetables and mushrooms, current status and development trends.

Ecology and environmental protection.

Theory and history of agricultural sciences and forestry.

Modern directions of development of arable land and forestry.

Innovative and investment activities in agriculture and forestry.

Directions and efficiency of crop production

Bioenergy resources of crop production and forestry.

Production of renewable energy from biological resources.

Organic farming, the main area of development and production of organic products.

Agriculture and modern crop rotation and soil cultivation.

Horticulture and viticulture.

Processing and storage of crop products.

Beekeeping, current status and development trends.

Contemporary biological research in crop production and forestry.

Progressive technologies of the agricultural complex.

Psychological and pedagogical problems of agrarian education.

The young scientist opinion.

 

Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.
In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.
 
Certificate of mass media state registration No. 21363-11163 Р of June 09, 2015
1. Founder (co-founder): Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
2. Type of publication: journal.
3. Publication status: domestic.
4. Title(s) of publication: Agriculture and Forestry.
5. Language(s) of the publication: Ukrainian, Russian, and English.
6. Spread: nationwide.
7. Categories of readers: students, postgraduates, scientists, employees of agroindustrial complex, state bodies of management.
8. Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop cultivation, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.
9. Estimated periodicity of issue, volume (in conventional printed sheets) and format of publication: twice a half year, 7.5-15 conventional printed sheets, format: A4.
10. Legal address of the founder: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3; telephones: (0432) 56-03-13; 35-70-84, fax: (0432) 43-80-25; e-mail:
11. Location of the editorial office: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3.
12. Type of publication by purpose: agriculture and forestry, scientific production.
History of journal:

Journal History:

Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.

In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.

It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.

Listed in the updated list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on agricultural sciences under the name Agriculture and Forestry (Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine of May 16, 2016; No. 515).