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Agriculture and forestry

space SCIENTIFIC JOURNALS OF VINNITSA NATIONAL AGRARIAN UNIVERSITY

Issue №: 3 (22)

Published: 2021.10.01
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2021-3


Description:
Випуск журнала присвячено удосконаленню технологічних прийомів вирощування сільськогосподарських культур. Особливу роль відведено впливу зернобобових культур на підвищення родючості грунту, селекції бобових, екології та охорони навколишнього середовища, методам боротьби із шкодочинними об'єктами та інтродукції декоративних рослин.

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ASSESSMENT OF THE ECOLOGICAL CONDITION OF AGRICULTURAL SOILS IN UKRAINE

DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2021-3-15
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Yakovets Liudmyla – Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Senior lecturer of the, department of Botany, Genetics and Plant Protection of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University, (21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna St. 3, e.mail: ludmila28334@gmail.com).

Annotation

The article presents the results of assessing the ecological condition of agricultural soils in Ukraine. The purpose of the research is to study the assessment of the ecological condition of agricultural soils in Ukraine. The research results show that contamination with cesium-137 of above 37 kBq/m2 on the agricultural land in Ukraine covers 461.7 thousand hectares, among which arable lands occupy 345.9 thousand hectares. 8.8 million hectares of agricultural land have been examined, and it has been found that 12 regions remain contaminated with various toxicants. It has been established that the largest areas of agricultural land contaminated with cesium-137 can be found in Zhytomyr region – 156 thousand hectares, Cherkasy region – 76, Rivne region – 52, Chernihiv region – 52, Vinnytsia region – 50 and Kyiv region – 34 thousand hectares. In recent years, in Cherkasy and Vinnitsa regions, there have not been identified agricultural products contaminated at the levels that exceed permissible ones. In Rivne region, the most difficult situation is with the contamination of agricultural products with cesium-137, where more than 18.6 thousand hectares of peatlands are contaminated. Contamination of agricultural lands with strontium in Ukraine is observed on a much larger scale than those with cesium. Strontium-90 in the range of 0.74-5.55 kBq/m2 contaminated 4.6 million hectares, which occupies 52% of the area under research. Research results indicate that the total area of contaminated land in Ukraine is about 9 million hectares, among them 4.2 million hectares are contaminated with radiation, 2.0 million hectares are contaminated with heavy metals, 2.8 million hectares are contaminated with toxicants of organic and inorganic origin. It has been established that contamination with heavy metals from agro-industrial sources to the levels approaching the maximum permissible level (MPL) is possible only on the lands where chemicals have been used for a long time without proper control. It has also been found that application of mineral fertilizers and traditional organic fertilizers in medium doses can raise the level of heavy metals in soils with the current values of MPC only for hundreds of years.

Keywords: soil, mineral fertilizers, radionuclides, pesticides, heavy metals, contamination.

List of references

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3.Khylʹko M. I. (2017). Ekolohichna bezpeka Ukrayiny: navchalʹnyy posibnyk [Ecological security of Ukraine]. Kyiv. 267 [in Ukrainian].

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About journal

Topics of the journal:

Topics of the Journal:

Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop production, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.

Articles on such scientific problems are accepted for printing:

Plant production, current state and prospects for development.

Agrochemistry and modern aspects of fertilizers and biologically active substances application.

Feed production, current state and prospects for development.

Selection, seed production, seed science and varieties.

Protection of plants.

Soil managment and soil quality improvement.

Forestry and gardening.

Vegetables and mushrooms, current status and development trends.

Ecology and environmental protection.

Theory and history of agricultural sciences and forestry.

Modern directions of development of arable land and forestry.

Innovative and investment activities in agriculture and forestry.

Directions and efficiency of crop production

Bioenergy resources of crop production and forestry.

Production of renewable energy from biological resources.

Organic farming, the main area of development and production of organic products.

Agriculture and modern crop rotation and soil cultivation.

Horticulture and viticulture.

Processing and storage of crop products.

Beekeeping, current status and development trends.

Contemporary biological research in crop production and forestry.

Progressive technologies of the agricultural complex.

Psychological and pedagogical problems of agrarian education.

The young scientist opinion.

 

Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.
In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.
 
Certificate of mass media state registration No. 21363-11163 Р of June 09, 2015
1. Founder (co-founder): Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
2. Type of publication: journal.
3. Publication status: domestic.
4. Title(s) of publication: Agriculture and Forestry.
5. Language(s) of the publication: Ukrainian and English.
6. Spread: nationwide.
7. Categories of readers: students, postgraduates, scientists, employees of agroindustrial complex, state bodies of management.
8. Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop cultivation, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.
9. Estimated periodicity of issue, volume (in conventional printed sheets) and format of publication: twice a half year, 7.5-15 conventional printed sheets, format: A4.
10. Legal address of the founder: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3; telephones: (0432) 56-03-13; 35-70-84, fax: (0432) 43-80-25; e-mail:
11. Location of the editorial office: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3.
12. Type of publication by purpose: agriculture and forestry, scientific production.
History of journal:

Journal History:

Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.

In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.

It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.

Listed in the updated list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on agricultural sciences under the name Agriculture and Forestry (Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine of May 16, 2016; No. 515).

Since 2015, "Agriculture and Forestry".  (archive of previous issues for 2015-2019) at http://forestry.vsau.edu.ua/.

The journal “Agriculture and Forestry (ISSN: 2707-5826)” passed the evaluation process of Index Copernicus positively and is indexed in the database of ICI Journals Master List for 2018, 2019, 2020 (international citation database).  Based on the information provided in the evaluation and analysis of journal issues for 2018, 2019, 2020 Copernicus Experts experts calculated the value of the Copernicus Index (ICV) for 2018.  ICV for 2018, 2019, 2020 is presented in the full list of indexed journals in the Master List International List 2018 https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml and in the journal passport https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/ details?

Master List International List 2019 https: id = 65401;  https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml

The ICV for 2020 is visible on the full list of indexed journals at ICI Journals Master List 2020 https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml and in Journal`s Passport https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/details?id=65401&lang=pl

According to the order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine dated 17.03.2020 № 409. The journal Agriculture and Forestry is included in the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine Category "B" in agricultural sciences (specialties) - 101, 201, 202, 203, 205, 206.

According to the order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine from 17.03.2020 № 409. Journal of Agriculture and Forestry is included in the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine Category "B" in agricultural sciences (specialties) - 101, 201, 202, 203, 205, 206.