ASSESSMENT OF THE CUCUMBER PROTECTION SYSTEM IN THE CONDITIONS OF THE CLOSED SOIL
Verheles Pavel Nikolaevich – Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Associate Professor of the department of botany, genetics and plant protection, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia 3, Soniachna Str.3, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
Among vegetable plants grown indoors, cucumber is one of the main ones. In the structure of production, the area allotted for it is 60-70%. This is due to the fact that it provides a high yield compared to other vegetable plants, is capable of producing fruits for fresh consumption in low light conditions already 8-9 weeks after germination, which contributes to the provision of fresh fruits to the population in the winter-spring period. vegetable products, when its lack in people's nutrition is especially acute. In addition, its fruits are easily absorbed by the body, as a result of which they are widely used in cooking as a dietary food. Favorable climatic conditions of closed ground, namely high temperature and humidity, favor the development of phytophages. This article confirms the feasibility and effectiveness of protecting greenhouse cucumber plants from pests. The highest yield - 36.5 kg / m2 was observed in the variant with the use of the drug Confidor 200 SL, r.c., which is 6 kg / m2 higher than in the control.In the variant with the use of the drug Actellik 500 EC, c.e. - 35.5 kg / m2, and using the biological preparation Aktofit, c.e. - 34.8 kg / m2, which is respectively 19.7 and 18.1% higher than in the control, where the average yield during the study period was 30.5 kg / m2. Based on the generalization of the obtained research results in specific production conditions, to obtain high yields and control the number of cucumber pests such as spider mites, greenhouse whiteflies and aphids in a greenhouse, it is recommended to use Aktofit preparations, c.e. at the rate of 2.0 l/ha, or Confidor 200 SL, r.k. - 0.25 l/ha, which will provide crop protection and a level of profitability at the level of 43.3-42.7%.
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Topics of the Journal:
Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop production, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.
Articles on such scientific problems are accepted for printing:
Plant production, current state and prospects for development.
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Protection of plants.
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Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded in 1995; it was entitled as Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.
In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.
Listed in the updated list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on agricultural sciences under the name Agriculture and Forestry (Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine of May 16, 2016; No. 515).
Since 2015, "Agriculture and Forestry". (archive of previous issues for 2015-2019) at http://forestry.vsau.edu.ua/.
The journal “Agriculture and Forestry (ISSN: 2707-5826)” passed the evaluation process of Index Copernicus positively and is indexed in the database of ICI Journals Master List for 2018, 2019 (international citation database). Based on the information provided in the evaluation and analysis of journal issues for 2018 and 2019, Copernicus Experts experts calculated the value of the Copernicus Index (ICV) for 2018. ICV for 2018 and 2019 is presented in the full list of indexed journals in the Master List International List 2018 https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml and in the journal passport https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/ details?
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According to the order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine dated 17.03.2020 № 409. The journal Agriculture and Forestry is included in the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine Category "B" in agricultural sciences (specialties) - 101, 201, 202, 203, 205, 206.
According to the order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine from 17.03.2020 № 409. Journal of Agriculture and Forestry is included in the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine Category "B" in agricultural sciences (specialties) - 101, 201, 202, 203, 205, 206.