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Agriculture and forestry

space SCIENTIFIC JOURNALS OF VINNITSA NATIONAL AGRARIAN UNIVERSITY

Issue №: 2 (21)

Published: 2021.06.01
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2021-2


Description:
Випуск журнала присвячено вивченню оптимізації технологічних прийомів вирощування сільськогосподарських культур. Розглянуто важливість впливу бобових культур на покращення родючості грунту, екології та охорони навколишнього середовища, методам боротьби із шкодочинними об'єктами, озеленення територій, селекції та насінництва.

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ASSESSMENT OF THE CUCUMBER PROTECTION SYSTEM IN THE CONDITIONS OF THE CLOSED SOIL

DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2021-2-17
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Verheles Pavel Nikolaevich – Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Associate Professor of the department of botany, genetics and plant protection, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia 3, Soniachna Str.3, e-mail: pasha425@vsau.vin.ua). 

Annotation

Among vegetable plants grown indoors, cucumber is one of the main ones. In the structure of production, the area allotted for it is 60-70%. This is due to the fact that it provides a high yield compared to other vegetable plants, is capable of producing fruits for fresh consumption in low light conditions already 8-9 weeks after germination, which contributes to the provision of fresh fruits to the population in the winter-spring period. vegetable products, when its lack in people's  nutrition is especially acute. In addition, its fruits are easily absorbed by the body, as a result of which they are widely used in cooking as a dietary food. Favorable climatic conditions of closed ground, namely high temperature and humidity, favor the development of phytophages. This article confirms the feasibility and effectiveness of protecting greenhouse cucumber plants from pests. The highest yield - 36.5 kg / m2 was observed in the variant with the use of the drug Confidor 200 SL, r.c., which is 6 kg / m2 higher than in the control.In the variant with the use of the drug Actellik 500 EC, c.e. - 35.5 kg / m2, and using the biological preparation Aktofit, c.e. - 34.8 kg / m2, which is respectively 19.7 and 18.1% higher than in the control, where the average yield during the study period was 30.5 kg / m2. Based on the generalization of the obtained research results in specific production conditions, to obtain high yields and control the number of cucumber pests such as spider mites, greenhouse whiteflies and aphids in a greenhouse, it is recommended to use Aktofit preparations, c.e. at the rate of 2.0 l/ha, or Confidor 200 SL, r.k. - 0.25 l/ha, which will provide crop protection and a level of profitability at the level of 43.3-42.7%.

 

Keywords: cucumber, hybrid, phytophages, entomophages, protected ground.

List of references

1.Bohach H. (2005). Zashchyta rastenyi v teplytsakh: problemi y perspektyvi [Plant protection in greenhouses: problems and prospects]. Ovoshchevodstvo - Vegetable growing. № 5. 8-10 [in Ukrainian].

2.Gi`l`L. S. (2008). Suchasni` tekhnologi`yi ovochi`vnicztva zakritogo i` vi`dkritogo g`runtu  [Modern technologies of closed and open soil vegetable growing]. Kyiv: Nova Kniga.  [in Ukrainian].

3.Bukreev D.D. (1996). Kompleks meropryiatyi po zashchyte ovoshchnikh kultur ot vredytelei y boleznei v uslovyiakh zakritoho hrunta [A set of measures to protect vegetable crops from pests and diseases in greenhouses]. Nauchn. tr. Kur. Hos s.-kh. akademyy - Scientific. works Kursk. Nat. agr. academies. Vol. 9.  118-123 [in Russia].

4.Kucherenko T. (2012). Sovremennie problemu y perspektyvi razvytyia ovoshchevodstva zashchyshchennoho hrunt [Modern problems and prospects for the development of vegetable growing in protected ground]. Ovoshchevodstvo - Vegetable growing. № 11. 22-27 [in Ukrainian].

5.Kovbasenko V.M., Khareba O.V. (2007). Zakhyst tomatu i ohirkiv u zakrytomu grunti [Protection of tomatoes and cucumbers indoors]. Visnyk ahrarnoi nauky pivdennoho rehionu - Bulletin of Agrarian Science of the Southern Region.  №8. 174-178 [in Ukrainian].

6.Lykhatskyi V.I., Burhart Yu.S., Vasianovych V.D.  (1996). Ovochivnytstvo − Vegetable growing. Kyiv: Urozhai. [in Russia].

7.Tkalenko H.M. Shkidnyky ovochevykh kultur u zakrytomu grunti i zakhody borotby z nymy [Pests of vegetable crops indoors and measures to control them]. Ahrobiznes sohodni - Agribusiness today. 2012. № 18 (241). S. 28-34 [in Ukrainian].

8.Bohach H.Y., Belousov Yu.V., Bohach A.H. (2007). Prymenenye byolohycheskykh sredstv zashchyti rastenyi v teplytsakh Ukrayny [Application of biological plant protection products in greenhouses of Ukraine]. Ynformatsyonnyi biulleten VPRS MOBB - SPRS MOBB newsletter. №38. 39-44 [in Russia].

9.Tribel` S.O. (2001). Metodiki viprobovuvannya i` zastosuvannya pesticzidi`v [Methods of testing and application of pesticides]. Kiyiv: Svi`t. [in Ukrainian].

 

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About journal

Topics of the journal:

Topics of the Journal:

Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop production, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.

Articles on such scientific problems are accepted for printing:

Plant production, current state and prospects for development.

Agrochemistry and modern aspects of fertilizers and biologically active substances application.

Feed production, current state and prospects for development.

Selection, seed production, seed science and varieties.

Protection of plants.

Soil managment and soil quality improvement.

Forestry and gardening.

Vegetables and mushrooms, current status and development trends.

Ecology and environmental protection.

Theory and history of agricultural sciences and forestry.

Modern directions of development of arable land and forestry.

Innovative and investment activities in agriculture and forestry.

Directions and efficiency of crop production

Bioenergy resources of crop production and forestry.

Production of renewable energy from biological resources.

Organic farming, the main area of development and production of organic products.

Agriculture and modern crop rotation and soil cultivation.

Horticulture and viticulture.

Processing and storage of crop products.

Beekeeping, current status and development trends.

Contemporary biological research in crop production and forestry.

Progressive technologies of the agricultural complex.

Psychological and pedagogical problems of agrarian education.

The young scientist opinion.

 

Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.
In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.
 
Certificate of mass media state registration No. 21363-11163 Р of June 09, 2015
1. Founder (co-founder): Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
2. Type of publication: journal.
3. Publication status: domestic.
4. Title(s) of publication: Agriculture and Forestry.
5. Language(s) of the publication: Ukrainian, Russian, and English.
6. Spread: nationwide.
7. Categories of readers: students, postgraduates, scientists, employees of agroindustrial complex, state bodies of management.
8. Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop cultivation, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.
9. Estimated periodicity of issue, volume (in conventional printed sheets) and format of publication: twice a half year, 7.5-15 conventional printed sheets, format: A4.
10. Legal address of the founder: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3; telephones: (0432) 56-03-13; 35-70-84, fax: (0432) 43-80-25; e-mail:
11. Location of the editorial office: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3.
12. Type of publication by purpose: agriculture and forestry, scientific production.
History of journal:

Journal History:

Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.

In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.

It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.

Listed in the updated list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on agricultural sciences under the name Agriculture and Forestry (Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine of May 16, 2016; No. 515).

Since 2015, "Agriculture and Forestry".  (archive of previous issues for 2015-2019) at http://forestry.vsau.edu.ua/.

The journal “Agriculture and Forestry (ISSN: 2707-5826)” passed the evaluation process of Index Copernicus positively and is indexed in the database of ICI Journals Master List for 2018, 2019 (international citation database).  Based on the information provided in the evaluation and analysis of journal issues for 2018 and 2019, Copernicus Experts experts calculated the value of the Copernicus Index (ICV) for 2018.  ICV for 2018 and 2019 is presented in the full list of indexed journals in the Master List International List 2018 https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml and in the journal passport https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/ details?

Master List International List 2019 https: id = 65401;  https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml

According to the order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine dated 17.03.2020 № 409. The journal Agriculture and Forestry is included in the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine Category "B" in agricultural sciences (specialties) - 101, 201, 202, 203, 205, 206.

According to the order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine from 17.03.2020 № 409. Journal of Agriculture and Forestry is included in the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine Category "B" in agricultural sciences (specialties) - 101, 201, 202, 203, 205, 206.