ASSESSMENT OF SOILS OF THE VINNYTSIA REGION FOR ORGANIC PRODUCTION APPLICATION
Tsytsiura Yaroslav – Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Soil Management, Soil Science and Agrochemistry, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna St. 5/42, е-mail: email@example.com).
The article reflects the results of a study of the development of organic technologies for agricultural production in the Vinnytsia region. A statistical generalization of the indicators of the development of organic technologies in the region was carried out and conclusions on the relevance of this strategic technological direction for the region were drawn. An assessment of the potential of Vinnytsia region for the introduction of technologies of organic farming and crop production in view of the national strategy of transition to alternative organic technologies are conducted.
The peculiarities of the soil cover of the region from the standpoint of certain areas for the cultivation of organic products are analyzed. The results of cartographic assessment of the suitability of the soil cover of the region for the introduction of a staged transition to organic farming systems and the possibility of such a transition in different years of technology introduction are presented. The features of the soil cover of the region from the position of certain zones for the cultivation of organic products are analyzed. The basic regulatory criteria for assessing the suitability for classic organic production by the basic properties and groups of qualities defined by the orders of the Government of Ukraine are determined. The average agrochemical properties of soils in the Vinnytsia region in terms of humus content, mobile forms of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium, and acidity of the soil solution are grouped and determined. The indicators of the content of mobile forms of trace elements, heavy metals and pesticide residues are separately grouped within the districts of the region.
Based on a comparison of the normative values of soil parameters and the actual values of indicators within the regions, the integral coefficient of suitability of the soils of the region for the introduction of organic agricultural production technologies is determined. This made it possible to rank the districts of the region and identify favorable and unfavorable regions for the transition to organic technologies of agricultural production.
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Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded in 1995; it was entitled as Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.
In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.
Listed in the updated list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on agricultural sciences under the name Agriculture and Forestry (Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine of May 16, 2016; No. 515).