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Agriculture and forestry

space SCIENTIFIC JOURNALS OF VINNITSA NATIONAL AGRARIAN UNIVERSITY

Issue №: 1 (20)

Published: 2021.03.30
DOI: 0.37128/2707-5826-2021-1


Description:
Випуск журнала присвячено вивченню оптимізації технологічних прийомів вирощування польових культур. Особливостей вирощування овочевих культур, екології та охорони навколишнього середовища, впливу бобових культур на покращення родючості грунту, адаптивній селекції. Особливостям росту й розвитку лісових порід, методам боротьби із шкодочинними об'єктами.

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ALELOPATHIC SENSITIVITY OF OILSEED RADISH TO THE MAIN SPECIES OF WEEDS AT THE STAGE OF LABORATORY GROWTH

DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2021-3
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Tsytsiura Yaroslav Grigoryevich − Candidate of Agricultural Sciences (PhD), Associate Professor of the Department of Soil Management, Soil Science and Agrochemistry, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University. (21008, Vinnytsia town, Soniachna st., build 5/42, e-mail: yaroslavtsytsyura@ukr.net).

Tsaruk Inna Oleksandrivna − student of Faculty of Agronomy and Forestry Vinnytsia National Agrarian University. (21008, Vinnytsia town, Soniachna st. 3, e-mail: tsarukinna14@gmail.com)

Annotation

The article summarizes the importance of studying alelopathic interactions between plants, taking into consideration the ecologization and biologization of the weed control system in agrocenoses of agricultural crops. The urgency in solving this issue with the use of intermediate forage and green manure crops and, in particular, oil radish, has been emphasized. The paper presents the results of studying the efficiency of using oil radish as a phyto-mediator in crop rotation to suppress and control various biological weed species by determining the germination of seeds of the oil-bearing radish variety Zhuravka by two research methods – germination on filter paper when moistened with water extracts of various types of weeds and germination on soil subtrate when moistened with the same extracts in a mode close to real soil conditions for germination of oil radish seeds. The used wide range of concentration of aqueous extracts from 0.25% to 16.0% with equal interval step allowed us to confirm the significantly different sensitivity of oil radish at the germination stage both in the version of traditional germination on filter paper and in germination on a soil substrate. At the same time, it was noted that oil radish has a sensitive reaction to water extracts of the studied 20 species of weed plants in the concentration range from 0.25% to 16% with the boundary value of the formation of the minimum level of laboratory seed germination at a concentration of 4.0%. The maximum effect of the impact on the indicators of laboratory germination of oil radish seeds, taking into consideration the minimum permissible level of decrease in the value of germination of seeds, was noted in the concentration range of aqueous extracts of 1.0-4.0%.

Gradual growth of allelopathic pressure on germination of oil radish seeds on filter paper can be placed in such an increasing row: Field mustard (PA) - Artemisia ragweed (PA) - Tenacious ragweed (PA) - Wild radish (PA) - Actinoid thistle (PA) - Lettuce wild (PA) - Wheatgrass (PA) - Field cabbage (VA) - Common shchiritsa (VA) - Rough highlander (VA) - Field bindweed (VA) - Kulbuba officinalis (VA) - Field horsetail (VA) - Golinsoga small-flowered ( VA) - Common herringbone (VA) - Gray bristle grass (VA) - Canadian malignant (VA) - Yellow thistle (VA) - Pink thistle (VA) - White Mary (VA).

Keywords: oil radish, alelopathic sensitivity, alelopathic potential, herb-competition, weeds.

List of references

1.G`udz` P., Ivanyuk M.F., Krotinov O.P. (2003). Alelopaty`chna vzayemodiya v agrofitocenozi kul`turny`x rosly`n i bur'yaniv [Allelopathic interaction in the agrophytocenosis of cultivated plants and weeds]. Zbirny`k naukovy`x pracz` Umans`kogo DAU − Collection of scientific works of Uman State Agrarian University]. Specz. vy`p.Biologichni nauky` i problemy` rosly`nny`cztva. 648-654 [in Ukrainian].

2.Honcharuk I.V., Kovalchuk S.Ia., Tsytsiura Ya.H., Lutkovska S.M. (2020). Dynamichni protsesy rozvytku orhanichnoho vyrobnytstva v Ukraini [Dynamic processes of organic production development in Ukraine]. Vinnytsia. «TVORY». [in Ukrainian].

3.Okrushko S.Ie. (2015). Ekolohichna bezpeka suchasnykh system zakhystu roslyn [Ecological safety of modern plant protection systems]. Zbirnyk naukovykh prats VNAU. Silske hospodarstvo ta lisivnytstvo. – Collection of scientific works of VNAU. Agriculture and Forestry. № 2. 126-134 [in Ukrainian].

4.Kovalenko N. P. (2012). Evolyuciya naukovy`x poglyadiv shhodo alelopaty`chnoyi akty`vnosti sil`s`kogospodars`ky`x kul`tur u sivozminax [Evolution of scientific views on allelopathic activity of crops in crop rotations]. Sil`s`kogospodars`ka alelopatiya: mizhvidomchy`j tematy`chny`j naukovy`j zbirny`k − Agricultural allelopathy: interdepartmental thematic scientific collection]. Chernigiv: CzNP. Issue 15, 16. 161-173 [in Ukrainian].

5.Rakhmetov D. B., Horobets S.O. (2000). Alelopatychna rol alternatyvnykh syderalnykh kultur u funktsionuvanni ahrofitotsenoziv [Allelopathic role of alternative green manure crops in the functioning of agrophytocenoses]. Visnyk ahrarnoi nauky − Bulletin of Agricultural Science. № 10. 20-24 [in Ukrainian].

6.Dovban K. I. (2009). Zelenoe udobrenie v sovremennom zemledelii: voprosyi teorii i praktiki [Green fertilizer in modern agriculture: theory and practice]. Minsk: Belorusskaya nauka. [in Russian].

7.Blum U. (2011). Plant-Plant Allelopathic Interactions. Springer, Berlin. [in English].

8.Tsytsiura Ya. H, Tsytsiura T. V. (2015). Redka oliina. Stratehiia vykorystannia ta vyroshchuvannia. Monohrafiia. [Oilseed radish. Use and cultivation strategy. Monograph]. [in Ukrainian].

9.Grodzinskiy A. M., Golovko E. A., Gorobets S. A. (1987). Eksperimentalnaya allelopatiya: monografiya [Experimental allelopathy: monograph]. Kiev: Nauk. dumka. [in Russian].

10.Grodzinskiy A. M. (1980). Sanitarnaya rol krestotsvetnyih kultur v sevooborote. Allelopatiya i produktivnost rasteniy [Sanitary role of cruciferous crops in crop rotation. Allelopathy and plant productivity]. K.: Nauk, dumka. 3-14 [in Russian].

11.Allelopathy. New Concepts & Methodology. Edited By Y Fujii (2007). Syuntaro Hiradate. CRC Press. [in English].

12.Smith O.P. (2013). Allelopathic Potential of the Invasive Alien Himalayan Balsam (Impatiens glandulifera Royle). A thesis submitted to Plymouth University in partial fulfilment for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy. [in English].

13.Nasinnia silskohospodarskykh kultur. Metody vyznachennia yakosti (2003). [Seeds of agricultural crops. Methods for determining quality]. Derzhavnyi standart (DSTU 4138-2002) [State standard]. K. : Derzhspozhyvstandart Ukrainy. [in Ukrainian].

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15.Hinnkelmann K., Kempthorne O. (1994). Design and Analysis of Experiments. Vol. 1, Wiley and Sons, New York. [in English].

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About journal

Topics of the journal:

Topics of the Journal:

Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop production, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.

Articles on such scientific problems are accepted for printing:

Plant production, current state and prospects for development.

Agrochemistry and modern aspects of fertilizers and biologically active substances application.

Feed production, current state and prospects for development.

Selection, seed production, seed science and varieties.

Protection of plants.

Soil managment and soil quality improvement.

Forestry and gardening.

Vegetables and mushrooms, current status and development trends.

Ecology and environmental protection.

Theory and history of agricultural sciences and forestry.

Modern directions of development of arable land and forestry.

Innovative and investment activities in agriculture and forestry.

Directions and efficiency of crop production

Bioenergy resources of crop production and forestry.

Production of renewable energy from biological resources.

Organic farming, the main area of development and production of organic products.

Agriculture and modern crop rotation and soil cultivation.

Horticulture and viticulture.

Processing and storage of crop products.

Beekeeping, current status and development trends.

Contemporary biological research in crop production and forestry.

Progressive technologies of the agricultural complex.

Psychological and pedagogical problems of agrarian education.

The young scientist opinion.

 

Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.
In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.
 
Certificate of mass media state registration No. 21363-11163 Р of June 09, 2015
1. Founder (co-founder): Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
2. Type of publication: journal.
3. Publication status: domestic.
4. Title(s) of publication: Agriculture and Forestry.
5. Language(s) of the publication: Ukrainian, Russian, and English.
6. Spread: nationwide.
7. Categories of readers: students, postgraduates, scientists, employees of agroindustrial complex, state bodies of management.
8. Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop cultivation, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.
9. Estimated periodicity of issue, volume (in conventional printed sheets) and format of publication: twice a half year, 7.5-15 conventional printed sheets, format: A4.
10. Legal address of the founder: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3; telephones: (0432) 56-03-13; 35-70-84, fax: (0432) 43-80-25; e-mail:
11. Location of the editorial office: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3.
12. Type of publication by purpose: agriculture and forestry, scientific production.
History of journal:

Journal History:

Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.

In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.

It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.

Listed in the updated list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on agricultural sciences under the name Agriculture and Forestry (Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine of May 16, 2016; No. 515).

Since 2015, "Agriculture and Forestry".  (archive of previous issues for 2015-2019) at http://forestry.vsau.edu.ua/.

The journal “Agriculture and Forestry (ISSN: 2707-5826)” passed the evaluation process of Index Copernicus positively and is indexed in the database of ICI Journals Master List for 2018, 2019 (international citation database).  Based on the information provided in the evaluation and analysis of journal issues for 2018 and 2019, Copernicus Experts experts calculated the value of the Copernicus Index (ICV) for 2018.  ICV for 2018 and 2019 is presented in the full list of indexed journals in the Master List International List 2018 https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml and in the journal passport https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/ details?

Master List International List 2019 https: id = 65401;  https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml

According to the order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine dated 17.03.2020 № 409. The journal Agriculture and Forestry is included in the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine Category "B" in agricultural sciences (specialties) - 101, 201, 202, 203, 205, 206.

According to the order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine from 17.03.2020 № 409. Journal of Agriculture and Forestry is included in the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine Category "B" in agricultural sciences (specialties) - 101, 201, 202, 203, 205, 206.