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Agriculture and forestry

space SCIENTIFIC JOURNALS OF VINNITSA NATIONAL AGRARIAN UNIVERSITY

Issue №: 1 (24)

Published: 2022.05.03
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2022-1


Description:
The issue of the magazine is devoted to the improvement of technological methods of growing crops. A special role is given to the influence of legumes on increasing soil fertility, ecology and environmental protection, methods of pest control and the introduction of ornamental plants and breeding

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AGROCHEMICAL EVALUATION OF SOILS UNDER HORTICULTURE ON THE SUITABILITY OF THEIR USAGE FOR THE MAIN AGRICULTURAL CROPS GROWING

DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2022-1-12
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Razanov Serhii – Doctor of Agricultural Sciences, Professor of the Department of Ecology and Environmental Protection, Faculty of Agronomy and Forestry, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, Sonyachna str. 3; e-mail: razanov@ vmel277@gmail.com).

Melnyk Viktoriia – postgraduate Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, Sonyachna str. 3; e-mail: razanov@vsau.vin.ua)

 

Annotation

This article reveals the results of research on the agrochemical composition of soils released from horticulture (Apple orchard) for the effectiveness of their usage in growing crops in field crop rotation. The research was conducted on Gray forest soils in the central part of Vinnytsia region in the forest-steppe of the Right Bank. The subject of research is agro-ecological indicators of soils that have been released from horticulture of varying degrees of intensity. It was found that in soils used for intensive horticulture nitrogen content of easily hydrolyzed, exchangeable potassium and humus was lower on 37.1, 23.7, 2.9 %, and mobile phosphorus, soil pH, metabolic calcium and metabolic magnesium on the contrary higher on 71.8, 12.8, 19.8 and 8.0 %, respectively, compared to the soils used for extensive horticulture. There is also a certain difference between mobile compounds of chemical metals in the soils under horticulture. The content of boron, molybdenum, cobalt and iron in the soils used for intensive horticulture was lower on 50.0, 32.8, 2.5 and 62.5 % compared to the soils of extensive horticultural lands. The concentration of sulfur was 8.0 % higher in intensive horticultural soils compared to the extensive ones. Characterizing the content of heavy metals-toxicants in soils used for intensive horticulture, it should be noted that the content of cadmium, lead, copper and mercury was higher on 4.0, 6.1, 9.5 and 6.6 %, and zinc is twice lower compared to the soils in extensive horticulture. Analysis of soils released from horticulture of varying degrees of intensity showed that the content of basic plant nutrients needs to be replenished, taking into account the growing need for basic nutrients in soils from phosphorus, potassium to nitrogen. When converting soils used for horticulture into arable land, it is necessary to take into account the measures that maximize the accumulation of soil nitrogen, in particular the cultivation of legumes. On these soils, it is not advisable to immediately grow nitrogen-loving crops, such as corn, winter wheat and sunflower, in the cultivation of which a high amount of this element is removed from the soil to form an optimal harvest. The practical significance of the results is that they will enable them to develop concrete proposals for reducing soil contamination by restoring soil fertility and improving the quality of plant material from cereals grown under exempted horticulture conditions.

 

Keywords: soil, nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, intensive horticulture, extensive horticulture, orchards.

List of references

1.Silske hospodarstvo Ukrainy 2019 rik: statystychnyi zbirnyk. [Agriculture of Ukraine 2019: statistical collection]. (2019) 186. URL: http://www. ukrstat. gov.ua/druk/publicat/kat_u/2020/ zb/09/zb_sg_Ukr_2019.pdf.  [in Ukrainian].

2.Statystychnyi shchorichnyk Ukrainy za 2019 rik [Statistical Yearbook of Ukraine for 2019]. (2020) 463. URL: https://ukrstat.org/uk/druk /publicat/kat_u /2020 /zb/11/zb_yearbook_2019.pdf [in Ukrainian].

3.Burliai, O.L., Burliai, A.P. & Kharenko, A.O. (2013). Suchasnyi stan rozvytku sadivnytstva v Ukraini [The current state of horticulture development in Ukraine]. Zbirnyk naukovykh prats Umanskoho natsionalnoho universytetu sadivnytstva − Collection of scientific works of Uman National University of Horticulture. 82. 249-259. [in Ukrainian].

4.Pravdiuk, N. L. & Kozhukhar, V. V. (2021). Analitychne zabezpechennia upravlinnia protsesom realizatsii  produktsii haluzi sadivnytstva. [Analytical support for the management of the process of selling horticultural products]. Ahrosvit – Agrosvit. 4. 9-16. [in Ukrainian].

5.Za ostanni 22 roky ploshchi pid yablunevymy sadamy v Ukraini skorotylas v 3,5 razy [Over the past 22 years, the area under apple orchards in Ukraine has decreased 3.5 times]. URL: https://superagronom.com/news/3720-za-ostanni-22-roki-ploschi-pid-yablunevimi- sadami-v-ukrayini-skorotilas-v-35-razi [in Ukrainian].

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8.Na Vinnychchyni planuiut vyrubaty 3 tysiachi hektariv yablunevykh sadiv [They plan to cut down 3,000 hectares of apple orchards in Vinnytsia region]. URL: https://24.vn.ua/na-vinnychchyni-planuyut-vyrubaty-3-tysyachi-gektariv-yablunevyh-sadiv/ [in Ukrainian].

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About journal

Topics of the journal:

Topics of the Journal:

Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop production, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.

Articles on such scientific problems are accepted for printing:

Plant production, current state and prospects for development.

Agrochemistry and modern aspects of fertilizers and biologically active substances application.

Feed production, current state and prospects for development.

Selection, seed production, seed science and varieties.

Protection of plants.

Soil managment and soil quality improvement.

Forestry and gardening.

Vegetables and mushrooms, current status and development trends.

Ecology and environmental protection.

Theory and history of agricultural sciences and forestry.

Modern directions of development of arable land and forestry.

Innovative and investment activities in agriculture and forestry.

Directions and efficiency of crop production

Bioenergy resources of crop production and forestry.

Production of renewable energy from biological resources.

Organic farming, the main area of development and production of organic products.

Agriculture and modern crop rotation and soil cultivation.

Horticulture and viticulture.

Processing and storage of crop products.

Beekeeping, current status and development trends.

Contemporary biological research in crop production and forestry.

Progressive technologies of the agricultural complex.

Psychological and pedagogical problems of agrarian education.

The young scientist opinion.

 

Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.
In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.
 
Certificate of mass media state registration No. 21363-11163 Р of June 09, 2015
1. Founder (co-founder): Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
2. Type of publication: journal.
3. Publication status: domestic.
4. Title(s) of publication: Agriculture and Forestry.
5. Language(s) of the publication: Ukrainian and English.
6. Spread: nationwide.
7. Categories of readers: students, postgraduates, scientists, employees of agroindustrial complex, state bodies of management.
8. Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop cultivation, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.
9. Estimated periodicity of issue, volume (in conventional printed sheets) and format of publication: twice a half year, 7.5-15 conventional printed sheets, format: A4.
10. Legal address of the founder: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3; telephones: (0432) 56-03-13; 35-70-84, fax: (0432) 43-80-25; e-mail:
11. Location of the editorial office: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3.
12. Type of publication by purpose: agriculture and forestry, scientific production.
History of journal:

Journal History:

Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.

In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.

It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.

Listed in the updated list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on agricultural sciences under the name Agriculture and Forestry (Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine of May 16, 2016; No. 515).

Since 2015, "Agriculture and Forestry".  (archive of previous issues for 2015-2019) at http://forestry.vsau.edu.ua/.

The journal “Agriculture and Forestry (ISSN: 2707-5826)” passed the evaluation process of Index Copernicus positively and is indexed in the database of ICI Journals Master List for 2018, 2019, 2020 (international citation database).  Based on the information provided in the evaluation and analysis of journal issues for 2018, 2019, 2020 Copernicus Experts experts calculated the value of the Copernicus Index (ICV) for 2018.  ICV for 2018, 2019, 2020 is presented in the full list of indexed journals in the Master List International List 2018 https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml and in the journal passport https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/ details?

Master List International List 2019 https: id = 65401;  https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml

The ICV for 2020 is visible on the full list of indexed journals at ICI Journals Master List 2020 https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml and in Journal`s Passport https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/details?id=65401&lang=pl

According to the order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine dated 17.03.2020 № 409. The journal Agriculture and Forestry is included in the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine Category "B" in agricultural sciences (specialties) - 101, 201, 202, 203, 205, 206.

According to the order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine from 17.03.2020 № 409. Journal of Agriculture and Forestry is included in the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine Category "B" in agricultural sciences (specialties) - 101, 201, 202, 203, 205, 206.