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Agriculture and forestry

space SCIENTIFIC JOURNALS OF VINNITSA NATIONAL AGRARIAN UNIVERSITY

Issue №: 4 (19)

Published: 2020.12.31
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2020-4


Description:
The issue of the journal deals with the study of optimization of technological methods of growing crops using of drugs of biological origin. A special role is given to the influence of perennial grasses on the improvement of soil fertility, ecological-adaptive selection, peculiarities of vegetable growing, ecology and environmental protection, introduction of ornamental plants.

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ACACIA WHITE AS A FEED RESOURCE FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF BEE FAMILIES

DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826-2020-4-8
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Razanova Elena Petrivna – Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Livestock Product Manufacturing Techniques, Vinnitsa National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnitsa, Sonyachna St., 3.  razanova_elena@rambler.ru).

Lotka Halyna Ivanivna – Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Veterinary Medicine, Hygiene and Animal Breeding of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, Sonyachna St., 3, e-mail: lyotkagalina@gmail.com).

 

Annotation

The article presents the results of the research on the study of honey harvest conditions from white acacia and the possibility of their use by bee families of the Ukrainian steppe spawned in Vinnytsia region of the Forest-Steppe zone of Ukraine. It has established that the nectar productivity of acacia depends on weather conditions, the productivity of bee colonies on its strength, forage reserves and nectar productivity of honeybees.  The aim of the work was to study the productive honey harvest from white acacia by bee families of the Ukrainian steppe breed in the apiaries of Svitanok-Agrosvit LLC, Bershad district, Vinnytsia region. Honey harvest conditions are represented by agricultural entomophilous honeysuckle and plants of forests, gardens, meadows, fields. Honey acacia, linden and sunflower honey harvests are productive. Honey productivity of bee families from white acacia averaged 9.7 kg, from linden - 3.1 kg more, sunflower - 15.6 kg more. The development of bee colonies is determined by the timing of flowering nectar-bearing plants and temperature. Prior to the flowering of white acacia, the families underwent a period of intensive growth, and during the honey harvest, the strength of the families increased 2.8 times.  During the honey harvest from linden, the strength of families increased by 15%, sunflower - by 30%, which affected the increase in honey productivity. The flowering period of white acacia occurs in late May-early June. For the first five days, the air temperature and humidity were favorable for nectar production, and the wind speed was somewhat high. White acacia produces nectar during the day and per day the bee family of the control hive of medium strength produced from 2350 to 8400 g of nectar. In the first half of the day for the first 6 hours in the nest of the bee family was 65.5% of the nectar of daily income.  One flower of white acacia secretes up to 5.3 mg of nectar under optimal weather conditions. At the beginning of the flowering period was 3.2 mg of nectar, on the third day - 5.3 mg, 4-9 days - the nectar content in the flower of white acacia was at the level of 4-4.2 mg, starting from day 10 the nectar content decreases to the mark 1.2 mg. Such a sharp decrease could be caused by high humidity and rainy days these days.

 

Keywords: white acacia, flowering, nectar, productivity, family strength, temperature, humidity.

List of references

1.Bondareva N. V. (2006). Ispolzovanie medonosnyih pchel kak bioindikatorov zagryazneniya okruzhayuschey sredyi tyazhelyimi metallami [The use of honey bees as bioindicators of environmental pollution by heavy metals]. Glavnyiy zootehnik – Chief livestock specialist. № 8. 44-45 [in Russia].

2.Brovarskyi V.D., Brindza Ya., Otchenashko V.V., Povoznikov M.H., Adamchuk L.O. (2017). Metodyka doslidnoi spravy u bdzhilnytstvi: Navchalnyi posibnyk [Methods of research in beekeeping]. K.: Vydavnychyi dim «Vinichenko» [in Ukrainian].

3.Demchenko N.I. Podbaimo pro akatsiiu – yii zahrozhuiut shkidnyky ta inshi neharazdy (2010). [Let's take care of acacia – it is threatened by pests and other troubles]. Pasika: dodatok do zhurnalu «Dim, sad, horod» – Apiary. № 6. 29-30 [in Ukrainian].

4.Kovka N. S., Nedashkivskyi V. M. (2019). Tryvalist ta period tsvitinnia osnovnykh nektaropylkonosiv v umovakh Lisostepu Pravoberezhnoho [Duration and period of flowering of the main nectar pollinators in the conditions of the Forest-Steppe of the Right Bank]. Tvarynnytstvo Ukrainy – Livestock of Ukraine. № 3-4. 36-39 [in Ukrainian].

5.Komisar O.D. Bila akatsiia (2012). [White acacia]. Bdzholiarskyi kruh. Za rentabelnu pasiku: Vseukrainskyi naukovo-praktychnyi zhurnal – Beekeeping circle. For a profitable apiary. № 2 (20). 10-16 [in Ukrainian].

6.Kositsyin N.V. (2009). Lesnoy medonos – akatsiya belaya: nauchnoe izdanie [Forest honey plant - white acacia]. Pchelovodstvo – Beekeeping: nauchno-proizvodstvennyiy zhurnal. № 4. 18-19 [in Russia].

7.Kucheriavyi V.P., Razanova O.P., Razanov O.S. (2018). Zmitsnennia kormovoi bazy dlia bdzhil shliakhom posivu holovatnia kruhloholovoho [Strengthening the forage base for bees by sowing round-headed beetles]. Ahrarna nauka ta kharchovi tekhnolohii – Agricultural science and food technology. №2 (101). 44-51 [in Ukrainian]. 

8.Manoilenko, S. V. (2018). Shliakhy pidvyshchennia produktyvnosti bdzholynykh simei v suchasnykh umovakh hospodariuvannia [Ways to increase the productivity of bee colonies in modern farming conditions].  Naukovi zapysky – Proceedings. 130 [in Ukrainian].

9.Nazarenko S. Boliachky na lystkakh akatsii biloi (2015). [Sores on the leaves of white acacia].Ukrainskyi pasichnyk – Ukrainian beekeeper.№4.39-41 [in Ukrainian].

10.Polishchuk V.P. Haidai V.A. (2008).  Pasika [Apiary]. K. [in Ukrainian]. 

11.Razanov S. F., Khaietskyi H. S., Alieksieiev O. O., Hutsol H. I. (2019). Otsinka lisovykh nektaro-pylkonosnykh derev ta efektyvnist vykorystannia yikh u medonosnomu  konveieri bdzhil v umovakh Vinnychchyny [Evaluation of forest nectar-pollinating trees and efficiency of their use in the honey conveyor of bees in the conditions   of   Vinnytsia   region].  Silske  hospodarstvo ta lisivnytstvo – Agriculture and forestry. № 12. 214-224 [in Ukrainian]. 

12.Razanov S.F., Nedashkivskyi V.M., Razanov O.S. (2018). Osnovy tekhnolohii vyrobnytstva produktsii bdzhilnytstva [Fundamentals of beekeeping technology]. TOV «Nilan LTD» [in Ukrainian]. 

13.Skoromna O. I., Razanova O. P. (2019). Rozvytok haluzi bdzhilnytstva yak dzherelo struktury prodovolchoi bezpeky [Development of the beekeeping industry as a source of food security structure]. Ahrarna nauka ta kharchovi tekhnolohii – Agricultural science and food technology. № 3 (106). 70-82 [in Ukrainian]. 

14.Shorokhov A. O. (2004). Medonosyi pchelam – problemyi i resheniya [Honey bees - problems and solutions].  Pchelovodstvo – Beekeeping. № 3. 24-25 [in Russia].

 

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About journal

Topics of the journal:

Topics of the Journal:

Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop production, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.

Articles on such scientific problems are accepted for printing:

Plant production, current state and prospects for development.

Agrochemistry and modern aspects of fertilizers and biologically active substances application.

Feed production, current state and prospects for development.

Selection, seed production, seed science and varieties.

Protection of plants.

Soil managment and soil quality improvement.

Forestry and gardening.

Vegetables and mushrooms, current status and development trends.

Ecology and environmental protection.

Theory and history of agricultural sciences and forestry.

Modern directions of development of arable land and forestry.

Innovative and investment activities in agriculture and forestry.

Directions and efficiency of crop production

Bioenergy resources of crop production and forestry.

Production of renewable energy from biological resources.

Organic farming, the main area of development and production of organic products.

Agriculture and modern crop rotation and soil cultivation.

Horticulture and viticulture.

Processing and storage of crop products.

Beekeeping, current status and development trends.

Contemporary biological research in crop production and forestry.

Progressive technologies of the agricultural complex.

Psychological and pedagogical problems of agrarian education.

The young scientist opinion.

 

Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Key information:
ISSN (print): 2707-5826
DOI: 10.37128/2707-5826
Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.
In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.
 
Certificate of mass media state registration No. 21363-11163 Р of June 09, 2015
1. Founder (co-founder): Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
2. Type of publication: journal.
3. Publication status: domestic.
4. Title(s) of publication: Agriculture and Forestry.
5. Language(s) of the publication: Ukrainian, Russian, and English.
6. Spread: nationwide.
7. Categories of readers: students, postgraduates, scientists, employees of agroindustrial complex, state bodies of management.
8. Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop cultivation, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.
9. Estimated periodicity of issue, volume (in conventional printed sheets) and format of publication: twice a half year, 7.5-15 conventional printed sheets, format: A4.
10. Legal address of the founder: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3; telephones: (0432) 56-03-13; 35-70-84, fax: (0432) 43-80-25; e-mail:
11. Location of the editorial office: 21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Street, 3.
12. Type of publication by purpose: agriculture and forestry, scientific production.
History of journal:

Journal History:

Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded  in 1995;  it was entitled as  Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.

In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.

It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.

Listed in the updated list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on agricultural sciences under the name Agriculture and Forestry (Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine of May 16, 2016; No. 515).

Since 2015, "Agriculture and Forestry".  (archive of previous issues for 2015-2019) at http://forestry.vsau.edu.ua/.

The journal “Agriculture and Forestry (ISSN: 2707-5826)” passed the evaluation process of Index Copernicus positively and is indexed in the database of ICI Journals Master List for 2018, 2019 (international citation database).  Based on the information provided in the evaluation and analysis of journal issues for 2018 and 2019, Copernicus Experts experts calculated the value of the Copernicus Index (ICV) for 2018.  ICV for 2018 and 2019 is presented in the full list of indexed journals in the Master List International List 2018 https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml and in the journal passport https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/ details?

Master List International List 2019 https: id = 65401;  https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml

According to the order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine dated 17.03.2020 № 409. The journal Agriculture and Forestry is included in the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine Category "B" in agricultural sciences (specialties) - 101, 201, 202, 203, 205, 206.

According to the order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine from 17.03.2020 № 409. Journal of Agriculture and Forestry is included in the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine Category "B" in agricultural sciences (specialties) - 101, 201, 202, 203, 205, 206.