DYNAMICS OF SHEET SURFACE AREA DEPENDENCE DEPENDING ON VARIETY FEATURES, SOIL LIMITATION AND NUTRITIONAL SYSTEM
Didur Ihor – Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Associate Professor, leading researcher, Dean of the Faculty of Agronomy and Forestry of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, Soniachna Str. 3, email@example.com).
The article presents the results of research on the influence of varietal characteristics, soil liming, fertilizers on the formation of the leaf surface area. The use of microfertilizers Vuxal Extra CoMo for pre-sowing seed treatment, foliar fertilization with microfertilizers Vuxal Microplant during vegetative growth and Vuxal Calcium, Boron during budding provided against the background of control of increasing leaf area by increasing vegetative growth and surface growth rate -37% depending on the stage of plant development in vegetable varieties Skinado and Somerwood. Limeing also helped to increase the leaf surface area of plants from 2.5 to 7.8% depending on the phase of development, in our opinion due to the indirect effect on the reaction of soil solution and improving nitrogen fixation processes in the soil. The highest index of leaf surface of vegetable pea varieties was observed in the experimental variants, where against the background of control pre-sowing treatment of seeds with microfertilizer Vuxal Extra CoMo, foliar fertilization with microfertilizers Vuxal Microplant during vegetative growth and Vuxal Calcium, Boron, which changed from budding 1.15 to 1.17 in the Skinado variety and from 1.19 to 1.22 in the Somerwood variety. This was subsequently reflected in the indicators of the leaf index in the phase of flowering and bean formation. Leaf index in the phase of flowering and bean formation varied in Skinado variety from 1.58 to 1.59 and from 1.60 to 1.64.In the Somerwood variety in these phases, the leaf surface index was higher and varied from 1.64 to 1.68 in the flowering phase, and in the bean formation phase from 1.67 to 1.73. The content of chlorophyll in the leaves of vegetable peas largely depended on the phase of plant development, as well as the action of trace elements during seed treatment, foliar fertilization, and liming.
1.Rozvadovs`ky`j A.M. (2000). Intensy`vna texnologiya vy`roshhuvannya ovochevogo goroxu [Intensive technology of growing vegetable peas]. Ky`yiv: Urozhaj [in Ukrainian].
2.Ushkarenko V.O. (1994). Zroshuvane zemlerobstvo [Irrigated Agriculture]: Pidruchny`k. K.: Urozhaj [in Ukrainian].
3.Bolotsky A.S. (2000). Vse pro gorodiny [All about the garden]. K.: Urozhaj. 385−393. [in Ukrainian].
4.Davy`dov V.D. (1988). Dovidny`k bry`gady`ra-ovochivny`ka [Handbook of foreman-vegetable grower]. K.: Urozhaj [in Ukrainian].
5.Bondarenkо G.L. (1994). Na dopomogu gorodny`kam [To help gardeners]. K.: Urozhaj [in Ukrainian].
6.Rodnikov N.P., Kryukiv I.O. (1973). Ovochivny`cztvo [Vegetable growing]. K: Urozhaj [in Ukrainian].
7.Simkin, A. J., Lopez-Calcagno R. E. & Raines C. A. (2019). Feeding the world: improving photosynthetic efficiency for sustainable grop production photosynthetisis. J. Exp. Bot. 70. No 4. PP. 1119-1140. [In English].
8.Sajko V.F. (2006). Problemy` i shlyaxy` nagromadzhennya ta vy`kory`stannya biologichnogo azotu v suchasnomu zemlerobstvi Ukrayiny` [Problems and ways of accumulation and use of biological nitrogen in modern agriculture of Ukraine]. Zb. nauk. pracz` NNCz «IZ UAAN»− Coll. Science. against NSC. Speczvy`p. 8–13 [in Ukrainian]
9.Makrushy`n M.M., Makrushy`na Ye. M. (2006). Fiziologiya rosly`n [Plant physiology]. Vinny`cya: Nova kny`ga. [in Ukrainian]
10.Mishhenko Yu.G., Nory`k N.O. (2018). Vply`v parametriv sivby` na umovy` vy`roshhuvannya ta produkty`vnist` sortiv goroxu ovochevogo [Influence of sowing parameters on growing conditions and productivity of vegetable pea varieties]. Visny`k sums`kogo nacional`nogo agrarnogo universy`tetu − Bulletin of Sumy National Agrarian University. №4. 10 – 14 [in Ukrainian].
Topics of the Journal:
Program goals (basic principles): questions of technology and efficiency of crop production, scientific and industrial aspects of agronomic specialties, ecology and forestry.
Articles on such scientific problems are accepted for printing:
Plant production, current state and prospects for development.
Agrochemistry and modern aspects of fertilizers and biologically active substances application.
Feed production, current state and prospects for development.
Selection, seed production, seed science and varieties.
Protection of plants.
Soil managment and soil quality improvement.
Forestry and gardening.
Vegetables and mushrooms, current status and development trends.
Ecology and environmental protection.
Theory and history of agricultural sciences and forestry.
Modern directions of development of arable land and forestry.
Innovative and investment activities in agriculture and forestry.
Directions and efficiency of crop production
Bioenergy resources of crop production and forestry.
Production of renewable energy from biological resources.
Organic farming, the main area of development and production of organic products.
Agriculture and modern crop rotation and soil cultivation.
Horticulture and viticulture.
Processing and storage of crop products.
Beekeeping, current status and development trends.
Contemporary biological research in crop production and forestry.
Progressive technologies of the agricultural complex.
Psychological and pedagogical problems of agrarian education.
The young scientist opinion.
Scientific journal "AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY" was founded in 1995; it was entitled as Bulletin of Vinnytsya State Agricultural Institute.
In 2010-2014 was enritled as Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University.
It has been named as Agriculture and Forestry since 2015.
Listed in the updated list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine on agricultural sciences under the name Agriculture and Forestry (Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine of May 16, 2016; No. 515).
Since 2015, "Agriculture and Forestry". (archive of previous issues for 2015-2019) at http://forestry.vsau.edu.ua/.
The journal “Agriculture and Forestry (ISSN: 2707-5826)” passed the evaluation process of Index Copernicus positively and is indexed in the database of ICI Journals Master List for 2018, 2019, 2020 (international citation database). Based on the information provided in the evaluation and analysis of journal issues for 2018, 2019, 2020 Copernicus Experts experts calculated the value of the Copernicus Index (ICV) for 2018. ICV for 2018, 2019, 2020 is presented in the full list of indexed journals in the Master List International List 2018 https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml and in the journal passport https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/ details?
Master List International List 2019 https: id = 65401; https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml
The ICV for 2020 is visible on the full list of indexed journals at ICI Journals Master List 2020 https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/formjml and in Journal`s Passport https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/details?id=65401&lang=pl
According to the order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine dated 17.03.2020 № 409. The journal Agriculture and Forestry is included in the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine Category "B" in agricultural sciences (specialties) - 101, 201, 202, 203, 205, 206.
According to the order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine from 17.03.2020 № 409. Journal of Agriculture and Forestry is included in the List of scientific professional publications of Ukraine Category "B" in agricultural sciences (specialties) - 101, 201, 202, 203, 205, 206.